The fiercest 10 Senate races of 2016
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Democrats have a great chance to win back the Senate in 2016 after losing their majority last fall.

Republicans must defend 24 seats, compared with only 10 for Democrats, and they must do so in a presidential election year when turnout could favor their opponents.

Retirements have made the GOP’s path even tougher.

Sen. Marco RubioMarco Antonio RubioOvernight Defense: Tillerson, Trump deny report of rift | Tillerson says he never considered resigning | Trump expresses 'total confidence' in secretary | Rubio asks Army to kick out West Point grad Rubio asks Army to kick out West Point grad with pro-communist posts GOP establishment doubts Bannon’s primary powers MORE (R-Fla.) would have been the favorite in Florida but has decided to run for president rather than seek reelection. In Indiana, Republicans still have a great chance to hang on to Sen. Dan CoatsDaniel (Dan) Ray CoatsDon’t throw the baby out with the BATwater Overnight Cybersecurity: DHS bans agencies from using Kaspersky software | Panel calls Equifax CEO to testify | Facebook pulling ads from fake news Mueller investigation focusing on social media's role in 2016 election: report MORE’s seat, but his retirement will make the task more difficult.

And Senate Democratic Leader Harry ReidHarry ReidChris Murphy’s profile rises with gun tragedies Republicans are headed for a disappointing end to their year in power Obama's HHS secretary could testify in Menendez trial MORE’s (Nev.) decision to not seek reelection might benefit Democrats, who will now seek to retain an open seat.

Here are The Hill’s rankings of the most competitive Senate races of the cycle based on interviews with political insiders from both parties.

Overall, 8 of the 10 most hotly contested seats are held by Republicans, many of whom represent states won by President Obama in the 2008 and 2012 elections.



Sen. Ron JohnsonRonald (Ron) Harold JohnsonGun proposal picks up GOP support GOP lawmaker to unveil bill banning gun bump stocks Senate Homeland Security chairman backs bump-stock ban after Las Vegas shootings MORE (R-Wis.) faces the most uphill climb of any GOP Senate incumbent seeking reelection, at least for the time being.

A survey by the Democratic firm Public Policy Polling in early March showed Johnson winning 41 percent of the vote, to 50 percent for former Sen. Russ Feingold (D-Wis.).

Democrats are pressuring Feingold to seek a rematch with Johnson, who scored a 5-percentage-point victory in 2010 — a great year for Republicans nationally.

If Feingold enters the race, he’ll be an immediate favorite over Johnson, who poured millions of dollars of his own money into the 2010 race but says he won’t self-fund this time around.

Presidential coattails could be a problem for Johnson. Wisconsin hasn’t gone for a Republican presidential candidate since backing President Reagan for reelection in 1984. But if Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker is the Republican candidate, it could help Johnson.



If Johnson isn’t the most endangered GOP Senate incumbent, it is Sen. Mark KirkMark KirkGiffords, Scalise highlight party differences on guns Stale, misguided, divisive: minimum wage can't win elections Immigration critics find their champion in Trump MORE (Ill.).

Like Johnson, Kirk represents a solidly blue state and won election in a midterm year. He’ll now have to win reelection in a presidential year, where turnout could be less favorable for him.

Kirk, who suffered a stroke in 2012, is expected to face Rep. Tammy Duckworth (D-Ill.), who lost both her legs in combat in Iraq.

He’s shown some resilience, as polls show a dead-even race.

And Duckworth could face a primary challenge. Allies of President Obama are reportedly urging Urban League CEO Andrea Zopp to enter the race against Duckworth, and Rep. Robin Kelly (D-Ill.) is also still considering a bid.



The battle in the nation’s largest swing-state instantly became a toss-up when Republicans lost Rubio to the presidential race.

The Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee has already thrown its weight behind Rep. Patrick Murphy (D-Fla.), a centrist and former Republican. That’s likely to infuriate liberal firebrand Rep. Alan GraysonAlan GraysonPennsylania Dems file ethics complaint against Rep. Barletta The Hill's 12:30 Report Why Republicans took aim at an ethics watchdog MORE (D-Fla.), who is considering a bid, as well as progressive groups in the state.

Rep. Ron DeSantis (Fla.), a conservative lawmaker with Tea Party credibility, is so far the only declared candidate on the Republican side. He could still face a challenge from another member of the Florida delegation in the House, or Lt. Gov. Carlos López-Cantera (R-Fla.).



Nevada is the GOP’s best shot at picking up a seat currently held by Democrats.

Still, Republicans might have had a better chance if Senate Minority Leader Harry Reid (D-Nev.) hadn’t decided to retire.

Reid’s reelection bid would have created a huge target for the GOP, pulling millions into the state.

Now, Republicans will battle for an open seat.

Reid’s handpicked successor, former Nevada Attorney General Catherine Cortez Masto (D), is so far running unopposed for the Democratic nomination.

Republican Gov. Brian Sandoval (Nev.) is wildly popular and would be the favorite to win the Senate race, but he appears likely to remain in his current job.

About a half-dozen other potential GOP candidates in the state are waiting for Sandoval to officially bow out before deciding for sure whether to enter the race. Rep. Joe Heck (R-Nev.), an Iraq War veteran and proven fundraiser from a swing-district, is considered by some observers to be the strongest option.

President Obama carried the Silver State in both of his White House runs, but Nevada voters backed President George W. Bush in the two elections before that.



Sen. Rob PortmanRobert (Rob) Jones PortmanOvernight Cybersecurity: Equifax security employee left after breach | Lawmakers float bill to reform warrantless surveillance | Intel leaders keeping collusion probe open Reddit hires first lobbyists Senate panel approves bill compelling researchers to ‘hack’ DHS MORE’s (R-Ohio) campaign launch has been among the most impressive of the nascent cycle.

Portman banked nearly $3 million in the first quarter of the year, bringing his total cash on hand to $8 million. The Portman campaign has also rolled out hundreds of endorsements from Republican officials in the state, from Gov. John Kasich (R-Ohio) on down.

Still, Portman, a former Bush administration budget director and trade representative, could face a difficult reelection bid.

He’s likely to face former Gov. Ted Strickland (D-Ohio) in the general election, and the Democrat is a prodigious fundraiser with solid name recognition across the state.

A Quinnipiac University poll released in April showed Strickland with a 9-percentage-point lead over Portman, highlighting the strong headwinds Portman faces.



By all accounts, Sen. Pat Toomey (R-Pa.) should be in trouble.

Toomey, a former president of the conservative Club for Growth, won his seat in the GOP landslide election of 2010. It was very favorable turf.

Presidential years in Pennsylvania have different patterns — and usually different electorates.

The state hasn’t gone for a GOP presidential nominee since 1988, and Democratic presidential candidates have consistently won the state by comfortable margins.

The problem for Democrats is that their only candidate challenging Toomey so far is former Rep. Joe Sestak (D-Pa.), the retired Navy admiral bested by the Republican in 2010.

A Quinnipiac University survey released last month showed Toomey with a 13-percentage-point lead over Sestak. Toomey also ended 2014 with $5.8 million in cash on hand, compared with $1.5 million for Sestak.

Still, Toomey only edged Sestak by 2 percentage points in Pennsylvania in 2010. That suggests Sestak could defeat Toomey if the Democratic presidential ticket has some coattails.



Sen. Kelly AyotteKelly Ann AyotteDems plan to make gun control an issue in Nevada Stale, misguided, divisive: minimum wage can't win elections Trump voter fraud commission sets first meeting outside DC MORE (R-N.H.) is in a similar situation to Toomey and Portman.

New Hampshire has gone for the Democrat in the last three presidential races, and in five of the last six overall.

If a Democratic presidential candidate wins the state in 2016, Ayotte will be in for the race of her life.

Polling suggests she would be in much bigger trouble if the state’s popular Democratic Gov. Maggie Hassan enters the race.

A Dartmouth University poll released last week showed Ayotte with an early 5-percentage-point lead over Hassan, although previous polls have shown Hassan with a small advantage.

If Hassan doesn’t run, the Dartmouth poll showed Ayotte with a 20-percentage-point lead over her next closest challenger, former Rep. Carol Shea-Porter (D-N.H.).



Colorado looks like the only other realistic pick-up opportunity for Republicans in 2016 beyond Nevada.

The GOP believes Sen. Michael BennetMichael Farrand BennetAmeriCorps hurricane heroes deserve a reward — don’t tax it Joe Buck defends 'nonviolent protests' at NFL games Patriotism is no defense for Trump’s attacks on black athletes MORE (D-Colo.) is vulnerable, but unseating him will be a heavy lift in a more favorable year for Democrats.

The former head of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee raised more than $2 million in the first quarter, making him one of only four Senate candidates to do so. 

No Republicans have announced for the race yet. Rep. Mike Coffman (R-Colo.) is expected to make his intentions known soon. Still, it’s unclear whether he intends to run, and the GOP bench falls off markedly behind him.



Sen. Richard BurrRichard Mauze BurrTrump: Why isn't Senate looking into 'Fake News Networks'? Overnight Cybersecurity: Equifax security employee left after breach | Lawmakers float bill to reform warrantless surveillance | Intel leaders keeping collusion probe open Special counsel looking into dossier as part of Russia probe: report MORE (R-N.C.) has yet to attract a challenger, but Democrats believe former Sen. Kay HaganKay HaganLinking repatriation to job creation Former Sen. Kay Hagan in ICU after being rushed to hospital GOP senator floats retiring over gridlock MORE (D-N.C.) would give Burr all he could handle if she could be persuaded to run.

Hagan lost to now-Sen. Thom Tillis (R-N.C.) by less than 2 percentage points in 2014, a wave election year for the GOP.

President Obama carried North Carolina in 2008 and narrowly lost it in 2012.



The Hoosier State became a more attractive target for Democrats when Sen. Dan Coats (R-Ind.) announced last month he wouldn’t seek reelection.

Former Indiana Republican Party Chairman Eric Holcomb is running for the GOP nomination, as is Rep. Marlin Stutzman (R-Ind.), a third-term lawmaker aligned with the Tea Party.

The race would instantly become a toss-up if former Sen. Evan Bayh (D-Ind.) got in. 

Bayh has nearly $10 million to campaign with. It seems unlikely he will run, though, considering he decided not to seek a third term in 2010 due to his frustration with politics on Capitol Hill.

President Obama carried Indiana in 2008, but it’s generally a reliably red state in presidential years.