Such a defeat is not unprecedented — last  year the Senate voted 97-0 against the president's proposal — as lawmakers have taken to bartering over individual elements of the budget rather than passing an overall proposal. Three budget proposals from Republicans are also expected to be defeated Wednesday in the Democratically-controlled Senate.

White House Press Secretary Jay Carney dismissed the vote as a "gimmick" during his briefing with reporters Wednesday.

"Look, we prefer that the Senate and Congress overall function efficiently.  As you know, the vote that you referred to is yet another gimmick, and that’s why it will get the -- that the tally will come out the way it does.  It represents a decision by Republicans to, instead of acknowledging that the only solution here is a bipartisan solution, to sort of waste time with gimmicks," Carney said.