The high court announced early Monday that it would not hear oral arguments for the law.
Lawyers for Alabama appealed the 11th Circuit Court of Appeals decision in late last year to issue an injunction on the law, according to The Huntsville Times.
The 11th Circuit argued that federal law made the state Alabama law unnecessary. But attorneys for Alabama said that that decision was a mistake. The law, argued lawyers for Alabama, did not conflict with federal immigration law.
In 2011 the Department of Justice sued Alabama to prevent the law from going into effect. The DOJ also said the Supreme Court should not consider the case.
Justice Antonin Scalia dissented the court's decision but did not give an explanation.
The high court's decision to not hear the law comes as Congress works to pass immigration reform. A week earlier, Sen. Marco Rubio (R-Fla.), who has been involved in a bipartisan effort to pass a big immigration reform bill, said that he worried the Boston Marathon bombing earlier in April could hamper efforts to pass a new immigration law.
On Thursday, members of the House Judiciary Committee said they were planning to start introducing a set of small immigration reform proposals instead of waiting for passage of bigger comprehensive legislation from the Senate.