We also know that proper nutrition early in a child’s life—particularly during the 1,000 days between a woman’s pregnancy and her child’s second birthday—can help break the cycle of poverty by ensuring healthy brain development, stronger immune systems, better performance in school, and higher earning potential.
The speakers also will focus on the progress developing countries have made in the fight against child malnutrition. Through the Scaling up Nutrition (SUN) movement, 27 countries have committed to achieving measurable progress on improving nutrition and are investing their own resources to reduce chronic malnutrition in their populations.
With some of the highest levels of malnutrition in the world, these 27 countries have acknowledged that a poorly nourished population is a serious impediment to their economic growth and future prosperity. Research shows that improving early nutrition can increase a country’s GDP by at least 2 to 3 percent annually. For the global donor community, each dollar spent in reducing chronic malnutrition has as much as a $138 payoff in terms of gains in productivity and health savings.
While the Copenhagen Consensus recently concluded that fighting malnutrition in young children should be policymakers’ top priority, they also recommended that $3 billion per year (out of $75 billion over four years) be allocated to this effort. Unfortunately, what the world currently spends on improving nutrition falls painfully short of this number—a mere $400-$500 million per year.
It is time global leaders examine their commitment to fighting hunger, poverty, and disease by taking a closer look at how they are working to improve nutrition, particularly for women and children. President Obama is expected to deliver a historic address on hunger on May 18. In recent history it is rare to see a President champion the issue of hunger. It’s important to support President Obama’s vision to end hunger in our time. As part of a food security and hunger strategy, it is critical that the administration, Congress, and G-8 leaders take bolder steps to improve nutrition by:
• committing concrete, measurable targets to reduce chronic malnutrition in children.
• supporting the SUN movement and SUN countries’ efforts to improve nutrition.
• ensuring that food security, agriculture, and health investments are specifically targeted and resources improve nutrition.
Malnutrition is preventable and treatable, and cost-effective solutions exist. With this knowledge comes a responsibility to act—as individuals and as nations.
To learn more about the 1,000 Days Partnership, visit www.thousanddays.org. To learn more about Bread for the World, go to www.bread.org.
Beckmann is president of Bread for the World and Sullivan is executive director of 1,000 Days.