The current system is fragmented and confusing.
There is a maze of more than two dozen federal economic and community development programs, housed in various cabinet agencies, each with their own set of rules, narrowly focused priorities, and application processes. The communities most in need of creating jobs are those with the fewest resources available to navigate this maze worthy of a Byzantine administrator. Yet, some of the wealthiest communities in America receive substantial federal funds that are supposed to reduce economic blight. The Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) program at HUD is a glaring example. Worst of all, unless individual program stewards expend the time and expense to implement strong performance measures, as we did at EDA, there are very few metrics to measure a program's impact.
Effective program execution is possible in government, but efforts must be maintained from administration to administration. During the Bush administration, we improved EDA from one of the lowest performing programs to one with the second highest federal performance rating. We did this through the implementation of one of the federal government's first strategic balanced scorecards to monitor program performance and a tightly focused strategy designed to attract private sector capital and jobs into a region. The emphasis was on building a long-term, market-based competitive position.
Under SACI, overall funding for the 18 programs would have fallen from $5.6 billion to $3.7 billion, yet we believe better results would have been achieved thanks to better coordination and program design. Yet on a bipartisan basis Congress sadly chose to reject this new approach and continued to fund the 18 programs separately.
Now, we are paying the price for Washington's shortsightedness, and because of the dire state of our economy, having to consider more draconian measures than most of us ever thought plausible back in 2005. As with Social Security and immigration reform, our country would be in better shape today had Congress acted on President Bush's proposal instead of kicking the can down the road.
Senator DeMint and other critics of EDA are right to highlight examples of wasteful spending, unfair earmarks, and overall government disorganization. Yet by condemning government inadequacy one program at a time, we risk overlooking the greater need to achieve real, comprehensive reform, and efficiency throughout the federal government's various economic development offices.
Had Congress embraced SACI back before the recession, we might not be facing today's choice of spending more money on a program found to be inefficient, or killing it because it's ineffective. At the very least we should be learning from lost opportunities, and once again consider a plan like the SACI that would save the taxpayer money and help get people working again.
David A. Sampson served as Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Economic Development from 2001-2005 and as Deputy Secretary of Commerce from 2005-2007. Sandy K. Baruah served as Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Economic Development from 2005-2008 and as head of the U.S. Small Business Administration from 2008-2009 under President George W. Bush.