Before the ink dried on the agreement brokered by Senate Majority Leader Harry ReidHarry ReidThis week: Congress awaits Comey testimony Will Republicans grow a spine and restore democracy? Racial representation: A solution to inequality in the People’s House MORE (D-Nev.) and Minority Leader Mitch McConnellMitch McConnellKey Senate Republican offers dim outlook for Trump budget Senate votes to confirm US ambassador to China Overnight Finance: What to expect from Trump budget | Plan calls for 0M in Medicaid cuts | Senate confirms ambassador to China | Roadblocks ahead for infrastructure plan MORE (R-Ky.), battle lines were already being drawn. Business groups, including the reliably conservative U.S. Chamber of Commerce, are reportedly preparing to take sides in Republican primaries in Michigan, Idaho and Alabama against tea party candidates. Additionally, the tea party has begun arming itself for battle as well. Former GOP vice-presidential nominee and tea party heavyweight Sarah Palin (R-Alaska) is taking aim at the 2014 congressional mid-terms with GOP senators in the crosshairs. In a recent posting on her Facebook page she stated:
“Rest well tonight, for soon we must focus on important House and Senate races. Let’s start with Kentucky — which happens to be awfully close to South Carolina, Tennessee, and Mississippi — from sea to shining sea we will not give up. We’ve only just begun to fight.”

Incidentally, in each of these states, Republican senators have been targeted by tea party candidates with McConnell undoubtedly the biggest target. The blame game has begun and each side is gearing up for a fight of epic proportions with moderate Republicans finally prepared to take on and bring down this nascent upstart movement that has shaped the party since the historic election of Barack ObamaBarack ObamaVoting advocates notch win at Supreme Court Overnight Energy: Trump set to propose sharp cuts to EPA, energy spending Watchdog group sues for ex-lobbyist ethics waivers MORE in 2008.
Unfortunately for the American public, this GOP Civil War will incur its share of collateral damage. The recent government shutdown is just the first casualty—with more likely to come as we approach the next budget deadline of January 15 and debt ceiling expiration in March. Caught in the crossfire will be the country’s most vulnerable, including disabled citizens, veterans, seniors, students and needy children.
Internal battles are not new and both political parties have seen their share of infighting over the years. The Democrats suffered self-inflicted wounds in 1980, when Senator Ted Kennedy challenged incumbent President Jimmy Carter for the Democratic nomination. For Republicans, you have to go back to the 1960’s when Nelson Rockefeller Republicans faced off against Barry Goldwater conservatives. This time around, with the twitterverse and social online media, the impact will be far greater—and it will be aired in real time across several platforms.
Many conservatives, including Sen. John McCainJohn McCainOvernight Cybersecurity: Flynn refuses to comply with Senate subpoena | Chaffetz postpones hearing with Comey | Small biz cyber bill would cost M | New worm spotted after 'Wanna Cry' US should keep leading the global economy, not close off borders Putin aide slams McCain: Thank God he doesn't shape foreign policy MORE (R-Ariz.) and others, realize the damage the shutdown inflicted on the GOP brand. They do not want to be saddled with the sinking poll numbers, anemic fundraising, and shrinking base as a result. But the Sen. Ted CruzTed CruzGOP talks of narrowing ‘blue-slip’ rule for judges Abortion poses hurdle for Senate healthcare bill Senator's photo spurs caption contest MORE (R-Texas) wing of the party is prepared to use the threat of another government shutdown to try to get its way on defunding Obamacare. With polls showing most Americans blame Republicans for the mess in Washington, a Cruz missile over Obamacare in the upcoming budget battles could put the GOP’s hold on the House and any chance of regaining the Senate in jeopardy.
The GOP effort to thwart President Obama and his signature legislation has led the GOP down a dark road. It’s a road where Republican leaders are unable to galvanize the party faithful or agree on a unified strategy for moving the nation forward.
For the foreseeable future the party will operate as separate splinter groups warring from within while the nation limps along. The question is: when the dust settles who will be left standing, the GOP or the tea party?
Ham is a former Congressional Fellow and author of THE GOP CIVIL WAR: Inside the Battle for the Soul of the Republican Party.