Technology

Avoiding the looming spectrum crisis in 2012

In early December, I wrote an article asking how the FCC can avoid the looming spectrum crisis that’s coming at us faster every time someone buys a tablet computer or downloads a video. As it turns 2012, the question is even more urgent: Now what? What does the government propose to do about spectrum?

From a tech perspective, one of the strongest arguments in favor of the proposed AT&T-T-Mobile merger was the complementarities of the two companies’ spectrum. In simple terms, it meant the merged company would have been able to efficiently use the combined spectrum to handle more calls, data, and video than is currently possible. Still, even with the most skilled network managers, only so many bits can fit onto one strand of spectrum. It’s one of the reasons smartphone connections drop, or video downloads stall, or e-mail experiences delay on your mobile phone – there’s a limit to how much space is in the airwaves.

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Refusing to answer to policy reasons

A number of passionate opinion pieces have been written recently charging proponents of copyright enforcement measures with changing the way the Internet works without bothering to understand it.  It’s easy to make such charges stick in Washington when they’re made by engineers with Internet pedigrees, but they’re fundamentally unsound in light of the current state of the bills.
 
The Internet is not only a platform for socially beneficial innovations, it’s also a boon to those bent on anti-social, criminal pursuits. The group who commented on S. 968 (PIPA) and H.R. 3261 (SOPA) on this blog admit as much, and one of them has devoted considerable effort to ensure that Internet Service Providers (ISPs) possess the means to hide criminal web sites from their customers. This system, known as “Response Policy Zones” (RPZ,) was the inspiration for the Domain Name Service (DNS) response filtering in PIPA and SOPA.

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TV station blackouts, less local TV news call into question FCC rules

As the year winds down, TV viewers across the nation are in danger of losing their local broadcast stations thanks to disputes over retransmission consent fees. These are the fees that cable and satellite companies pay to local stations to carry the stations’ signals on their systems. In recent years, as the negotiations have become increasingly combative, viewers have faced blackouts, or threatened blackouts of those local stations.

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New legislation aims to increase competition and lower consumer prices

This past Friday, legislation was introduced into both the House and Senate that would reform the television industry, doing away with what many say are outdated and onerous regulations that are hampering innovation and fair competition between multichannel video programming distributors (MVPDs) and broadcasters, in addition to curbing the ability of broadcasters to compete in a free market.

The Next Generation Television Marketplace Act would repeal the rules that mandate carriage of broadcast television channels by cable companies and repeal retransmission consent, which have allowed broadcasters to have the upper hand in negotiations for carriage with distributors. The legislation would do away also with government limits on media ownership and the one-size-fits-all compulsory copyright license.

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Altering how the Internet works but not understanding it

Those who understand how the Internet works watched in horror last week as those who don’t debated how to regulate it at a mark up of the Stop Online Piracy Act. The House Judiciary committee is now poised to approve H.R. 3261. 

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Mandates can't alter facts

No one disputes or could dispute that the Internet makes crime easier. Theft of intellectual property is one such crime made easier by the Internet. Rights holders are concerned about this, and they should be. 

However, the debate over what we as a society ought to do about online piracy and infringement has gone into the weeds – so much so that bills now pending before both houses of the US Congress (S. 968, PIPA; and H.R. 3261, SOPA) seek to compel American Internet Service Providers to alter fundamentally the way their connected customers access the Domain Name System.

This type of mandated filtering is not an American innovation. Strong governments around the world use DNS filtering to signal their displeasure over all kinds of things they don’t like, whether it be untaxed online gambling, or pornography, or political dissent. 

That Congress is now seriously debating doing likewise may represent a sea change in American thinking – as though we as a people can no longer decide for ourselves what is in our best interests to see or not to see on the Internet, and so we now need our government to help us.

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Setting the record straight on SOPA

The Stop Online Piracy Act specifically targets foreign websites primarily dedicated to illegal activity or foreign websites that market themselves as such. The bill addresses the problem of online criminals who steal and sell America’s intellectual property and keep the profits for themselves. Legitimate and lawful websites like Facebook, YouTube and Twitter have nothing to worry about under this bill.

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It’s time to protect America’s entrepreneurs from online piracy

Today, with the advent of the Internet, it is easier than ever in the history of the world to steal others’ ideas and works. This unfortunate reality hits American entrepreneurs particularly hard because they continue to be the world leaders in innovation. America’s entrepreneurs are increasingly being left with no option other than to sit and watch as their intellectual property is stolen by overseas thieves, copied and distributed throughout the world with the click of a mouse. To add insult to injury, these unauthorized products and services almost always make their way back to consumers within the U.S.

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Rogue websites: A threat to the US economy

America has become an international leader in innovation and a hotbed for industries, job creators, artists and new thinkers of all kinds. 

Spanning from the music to manufacturing to technology sectors, America has a significant interest in keeping our companies and creators viable and open for business. Unfortunately, there is a stealthy menace seeking to rob our nation of the ingenuity for which we are so well known. 

The property rights of American businesses and artists are under assault by foreign rogue sites, websites dedicated to the theft of intellectual property. This property, embodied in trademarks and copyrights, is being stolen en masse by cyber criminals and resold to unsuspecting consumers, oftentimes at their own risk. 

Rogue websites have a history of taking from Americans. Through the 53 billion site visits that they attract per year, these illegal online retailers have cost legitimate businesses $135 billion in revenues and contribute to the loss of 2.5 million jobs in the G-20 economies. Nationally, 19 million Americans depend on IP-intensive industries for stable, secure employment opportunities. 

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Digital thieves are stealing from me

I am an author living in Texas. My Congressman, Lamar Smith, introduced a bill this fall to help protect copyrights online. I wish this effort every success. 

Since 1995, I've been a published author, first under contract to Kensington Publishing and, since 1997, to HarperCollins/Avon. For the last three years, I've been watching as digital thieves began offering my books – free – to anyone, sometimes in an effort to make money for themselves (with sites such as Filesonic), and sometimes, just because they could. "Love Karen Ranney's books – here they are, all thirty of them!"

For the last three years, I've been watching my royalties drop, even as I actively fight digital thieves. Each month, I routinely take down between a hundred to two hundred links to my "free" books. Each day, I go to twenty-seven digital thief sites (I refuse to call them pirates – they're thieves). Each day, this costs me an hour to an hour and a half of work time.

As a writer, I am often frustrated when I hear people justify illegal downloading by claiming that no one is hurt from piracy – or that "all information on the Internet should be free, man." Guess what? I don't create information. I create entertainment, with my imagination and by sitting in a chair for twelve to sixteen hours a day, day after day.

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