One of the more lively debates that has been dominating Washington centers around something none of us can even see: spectrum — the invisible infrastructure that powers everything from radios and broadcast television, to Wi-Fi, cellular phones, and even garage door openers.
Spectrum is today’s hot topic due to the unprecedented growth of mobile broadband, which is taxing the networks of America’s wireless providers. Simply put, if spectrum is the oxygen of the wireless world, providers are quickly running out of air, and unless more spectrum can soon be purchased by the carriers who need it the most, our country risks missing out on the full economic and social benefits mobile broadband promises to bring.
The pressing need to free up more spectrum is not lost on the Federal Communications Commission or Congress. FCC Chairman Julius Genachowski has warned of a “looming spectrum crisis,” and in February, with a wise compromise on the payroll-tax extension bill, lawmakers set an important process in motion. Congress not only freed up more spectrum, but recognized the importance of ensuring a humble approach to the way the next round of spectrum auctions — which could mean billions to America’s economy — is crafted.
Imagine you have a great idea for a small business. You’ve identified an untapped market, drawn up a detailed business plan and saved about 50 percent of the capital to get the idea off the ground. But your bank isn’t lending to start ups right now- you’re too much of a risk. And there is no rich aunt to leave you an inheritance.
Where can you get the money to make your dreams come true? The answer is crowdfunding. The idea behind crowdfunding is simple: an entrepreneur obtains money through the Internet from many micro level investors, instead of using traditional banks for a line of credit and beyond what the entrepreneur could have obtained from “friends and family” investors. Until now, crowdfunding has been popular with non-profit projects but illegal for capital investors looking for a financial return on their investment.
And with so much turmoil in the nation's banking institutions, the entrepreneurial spirit in this country is at risk of being choked to death. Banks have become more and more afraid of taking risks - even small ones. Capital for start-up ventures has become harder and harder to come by. By opening up the Internet to investors looking for new businesses to invest in, we can stoke the creativity that is waiting to be unleashed in this country, especially for entrepreneurs who have given up on employment in the formal sector of the economy.
March 21, 2012, 07:54 pm
By Robert B. Dix, Jr., vice president, Government Affairs and Critical Infrastructure Protection at Juniper Networks
With respect to the newly proposed SECURE IT Act, it's awesome we have the opportunity to continue to drive the dialogue on how we advance our protection in cyberspace for America in a global context. Over the past few weeks, the Senate has been preparing to take up cybersecurity legislation aimed at the protection of our nation’s critical infrastructure, including energy grids, financial markets and other institutions central to the lives and livelihoods of Americans. This is important work and an opportunity to address the growing and maturing cyber threats we face as a country. Though there are differences of opinion on how we arrive, we all agree we need to get there.
Several elements of the previously-proposed Senate bill as well as the SECURE IT Act advance the goals of the sharing of threat information and the best practices between government and private industry, including: 1) conducting sector risk assessments to identify gaps, 2) updating the Federal Information Security Management Act (FISMA), 3) improving cyber workforce development, 4) addressing criminal penalties, and 5) investing in cyber R&D.
As a progressive state legislator, it’s not every day that I find myself championing a conservative infrastructure investment model like the LightSquared project. However, my hometown was the last in the nation to use the crank phone (no...not the rotary dial). I may still get carded at the store, but I remember using the system. More than most, I recognize the economic consequences of being on the wrong side of the digital tracks.
While the federal government has been wasting trillions of dollars building nations abroad, our own infrastructure here at home has taken a hit, not the least of which is our broadband investment. It’s great that urban parts of the country have broadband Internet and reliable cell phone service; the rest of us do not and that hurts the entire American economy. Regardless of whether the investment is public or private, it needs to be made. LightSquared is investing billions in private money to deploy the most robust, reliable 4G mobile broadband system in the country.
The question is where have the Conservatives been up until now?
February 22, 2012, 06:52 pm
By Gus P. Coldebella, former acting General Counsel, Homeland Security Department
The Lieberman-Collins-Rockefeller-Feinstein Cyber Security Act of 2012 seeks to protect high-risk critical infrastructure of the United States from cyber attack, and to create a place for private sector entities to share cyber information without fear of reprisal—while receiving the “secret sauce” only the government can provide: intelligence and law enforcement information. These dual goals are important, and it is past time Congress acted in this area. But the Act is—to use a tech term—buggy. It doesn’t sufficiently tamp down potential legal liability for private entities, and in some cases increases it, creating an insurmountable disincentive for companies to voluntarily share cyber information. It leaves owners of critical infrastructure subject to civil litigation and outsized damages if an attack happens, even when they fully comply with the Act’s mandates. Before the Act comes out of beta, Congress should debug its liability protection provisions. Here’s how:
February 22, 2012, 05:09 pm
By Richard Hartman, COO, OhMyGov Inc.
As Congress goes about grilling Homeland Security over the department’s monitoring of social media—as it did in a hearing last week—a more fulsome understanding of the benefits of social media monitoring and analysis is needed. The value of social media monitoring extends far beyond the important but niche domain of monitoring terrorist chatter online. Rather than asking why the federal government should monitor social media, Congress should be asking why aren’t more agencies monitoring social media?
Monitoring and analyzing terrorist conversations to gain actionable intelligence is simply the low hanging fruit that agencies can pick to aid their missions. There are at least three additional ways social media monitoring can be useful—even critical—for government agencies, and a variety of other, smaller benefits as well.
February 16, 2012, 09:10 pm
By Rep. Steve Pearce (R-N.M.)
Special interest groups in Santa Fe have harmed New Mexico’s competitive edge as the home to commercial space flight. Up until now, New Mexico had been the leader in this burgeoning global industry. Today, we stand on the precipice of losing our future to Colorado, Texas, Virginia and Florida.
It should surprise no one that spaceflight is still riskier than airline flight. In 2004, the Commercial Space Launch Amendments Act was signed into federal law and has worked very well in fostering the development of new companies in the United States -- especially New Mexico. This law has allowed for the creation of a new commercial business -- suborbital spaceflight for average citizens. It allows commercial space travel companies to obtain insurance by having passengers sign a consent agreement, in exchange for the thrill, the excitement and the experience of a lifetime. To date, hundreds of potential passengers have signed a federally approved consent agreement that protects these new companies in federal court.
February 15, 2012, 08:15 pm
By Mark Cooper, director of research, Consumer Federation of America
Exactly 100 years ago, Congress decided to give broadcasters exclusive licenses to use the nation’s public spectrum. It has been clear for at least 50 years that was not the most efficient way to allocate this public resource. Unfortunately, that is not stopping the debate on Payroll Tax Extenders legislation from making another 100-year mistake. By refusing to make additional high-quality spectrum available for shared use, Congress will suppress the growth of the wireless sector, slow innovation and job creation and reduce federal revenues.
By every measure of economic performance – device shipments, users, usage, efficiency, value and innovation – the unlicensed model has equaled or exceeded the exclusive licensed model in the past decade. Ironically, the FCC, which fathered this remarkable success, has never studied it in detail. Predictably, the advocates of exclusive licenses have never come to grips with the remarkable success of shared use. Appreciating the success of shared spectrum is the key to avoid making another 100-year mistake.
February 14, 2012, 05:00 am
By Rep. Mary Bono Mack (R-Calif.) and Sen. Daniel Akaka (D-Hawaii)
As Congress debates whether to legalize Internet gaming, it’s important to guarantee that Native American tribes are dealt a fair and honest hand. They deserve nothing less.
Not inviting majority stakeholders to weigh in when drafting game changing legislation is as shortsighted as doubling down at a poker table before you see your cards.
Yet that’s exactly what some lawmakers are doing when they draft Internet gaming legislation and deny tribal leaders and tribal gaming regulators a seat at the policy table. We believe that’s wrong, and we’re determined to make certain the voices of Native Americans are heard. Today, there are 565 federally-recognized tribes and nearly 3 million Native Americans spread across the United States. They have a huge stake in this outcome, but you wouldn’t know it by reading the legislation which has been introduced so far.