Sen. Tom Coburn blocked Congress from reauthorizing the Terrorism Risk Insurance Act.
11 of the 18 Republicans who voted against the $1.1 trillion government-funding bill are up for reelection in 2016.
The Senate passed a bill to impose sanctions on Russian officials involved in the invasion of Ukraine.
74 senators voted against Sen. Ted Cruz's (R-Texas) point of order.
"There is enough evidence of criminal conduct there," the senator said.
Sens. Ted Cruz and Mike Lee's moves to thwart votes reinvigorated risk of another shutdown.
Sen. Ted Cruz blasted the “cromnibus,” saying it was full of presents for lobbyists.
The senator demanded an amendment vote on the government funding bill, despite it risking a shutdown.
Sens. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.) and Lindsey Graham (R-S.C.) sparred over the funding bill.
With just over an hour to spare, the Senate approved a short-term funding bill.