Durbin said the bill would kill education grants, research and development and health research, and said these and other cuts are "short-sighted."

"I would say to my friends on the Republican side, yes, the deficit's an issue, but first and foremost understand, we will never, never balance the budget with 15 million Americans out of work," Durbin said.

The senator said he would continue to work with a bipartisan group of senators on a budget plan. Durbin is working with Sens. Saxby ChamblissSaxby ChamblissWyden hammers CIA chief over Senate spying Cruz is a liability Inside Paul Ryan’s brain trust MORE (R-Ga.), Tom CoburnTom CoburnCoburn: Trump's tweets aren't presidential The road ahead for America’s highways Rethinking taxation MORE (R-Okla.), Kent Conrad (D-N.D.), Mike CrapoMike CrapoA guide to the committees: Senate Time for the feds to deregulate gun suppressors Senate votes to repeal transparency rule for oil companies MORE (R-Idaho) and Mark WarnerMark WarnerTrump's pick for intel chief to get hearing next week A guide to the committees: Senate Report: Senate Intel Committee asks agencies to keep records related to Russian probe MORE (D-Va.).

Senate Democrats next week are hoping to hold votes on H.R. 1 and a Senate Democratic bill that would cut another $6.5 billion from the budget. Democrats are arguing that with the $45 billion that has already been cut from President Obama's FY 2011 budget request, cutting another $6.5 billion would bring those cuts to $51 billion, which meets Republicans more than halfway to their goal of cutting $100 billion.