Durbin said the bill would kill education grants, research and development and health research, and said these and other cuts are "short-sighted."

"I would say to my friends on the Republican side, yes, the deficit's an issue, but first and foremost understand, we will never, never balance the budget with 15 million Americans out of work," Durbin said.

The senator said he would continue to work with a bipartisan group of senators on a budget plan. Durbin is working with Sens. Saxby ChamblissClarence (Saxby) Saxby ChamblissLobbying World Former GOP senator: Let Dems engage on healthcare bill OPINION: Left-wing politics will be the demise of the Democratic Party MORE (R-Ga.), Tom CoburnThomas (Tom) Allen CoburnRepublicans in Congress shouldn't try to bring back earmarks Republicans should know reviving earmarks is a political nightmare Former GOP senator: Trump has a personality disorder MORE (R-Okla.), Kent Conrad (D-N.D.), Mike CrapoMichael (Mike) Dean CrapoTrump calls for looser rules for bank loans in Dodd-Frank overhaul Week ahead: Lawmakers eye another short-term spending bill Overnight Finance: Trump promises farmers 'better deal' on NAFTA | Clock ticks to shutdown deadline | Dems worry Trump pressuring IRS on withholdings | SEC halts trading in digital currency firm MORE (R-Idaho) and Mark WarnerMark Robert WarnerNSA spying program overcomes key Senate hurdle Dem lawmaker wants briefing on major chip vulnerabilities Week ahead: Tech giants to testify on extremist content MORE (D-Va.).

Senate Democrats next week are hoping to hold votes on H.R. 1 and a Senate Democratic bill that would cut another $6.5 billion from the budget. Democrats are arguing that with the $45 billion that has already been cut from President Obama's FY 2011 budget request, cutting another $6.5 billion would bring those cuts to $51 billion, which meets Republicans more than halfway to their goal of cutting $100 billion.