Democrats are expected to hold to their arguments that people need these programs in light of the ongoing economic uncertainty. Rep. Barney Frank (D-Mass.) began the debate by arguing that while Republicans say they want to cut spending, Republicans rejected an amendment in February to limit farm subsidies.

"It was defeated by the Republican Party," he said. Frank also revisited his argument that Republicans supported a $150 million annual payment to Brazil's cotton industry to settle a trade dispute, rather than pursuing the idea of ending U.S. cotton subsidies, which he said is another way to settle the dispute.

Frank said the estimated cost of the mortgage program at issue in the bill is $840 million.