Democrats on Tuesday argued that approving this language would prevent the federal program from contributing to legal abortion procedures, which could pose a risk to the health of women.
"What it would mean is that across the country, residents would be barred from learning how to perform even a basic medical procedure required for women's health," Rep. Diana DeGette (D-Colo.) said.
The amendment was attached to H.R. 1216, which scales back federal funding for a graduate-level medical training program created in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act last year.
The bill itself was approved shortly after 2:30 p.m., by a 234-185 vote, although the Senate is not expected to consider the bill. Three Democrats voted for the bill, and four Republicans voted against it.
-- This story was updated at 2:39 p.m.