Bachmann said the bill does not go far enough to fundamentally restructure the way Washington spends money, and in particular does not go after "ObamaCare."

"We must remember that ObamaCare is the largest spending and entitlement program in our nation's history," she said. "That means, at a time when we can least afford it, President Obama added to our spending problem by the trillions. Without its repeal, we cannot have real economic reform."

Other Republican "no" votes were Reps. Paul BrounPaul BrounCalifornia lawmaker's chief of staff resigns after indictment Republican candidates run against ghost of John Boehner The Trail 2016: Let’s have another debate! MORE (Ga.), Francisco "Quico" Canseco (Texas), Scott DeJarlais (Tenn.), Morgan GriffithMorgan GriffithGOP whip won't commit to new CBO score before vote Medicaid work requirements could be added to ObamaCare bill The Hill's Whip List: 36 GOP no votes on ObamaCare repeal plan MORE (Va.), Walter Jones (N.C.), Connie Mack (Fla.) and Dana Rohrabachder (Calif.).

Only five Democrats voted for the controversial bill: Reps. Dan Boren (Okla.), Jim Cooper (Tenn.), Jim MathesonJim MathesonWork begins on T infrastructure plan New president, new Congress, new opportunity First black GOP woman in Congress wins reelection MORE (Utah), Mike McIntyre (NC), and Heath Shuler (N.C.).

The House bill is unlikely to advance in the Senate. Instead, a tentative Senate-based deal to cut $3.7 trillion over 10 years appeared to be gathering bipartisan support, although a transitional agreement could also be needed if that deal can't be organized and passed by the Aug. 2 debt-ceiling deadline.