The House on Tuesday afternoon approved legislation that extends the payroll tax holiday and unemployment benefits, but includes several provisions that Democrats vigorously oppose.
Members approved the bill in a 234-193 vote in which 224 Republicans supported it — short of House Speaker John BoehnerJohn Boehner3 ways the next president can succeed on immigration reform Republican Study Committee elders back Harris for chairman Dems to GOP: Help us fix ObamaCare MORE's (R-Ohio) goal of getting 240 GOP votes, which he said would give the House a "strong hand" in negotiations with Senate Democrats. The bill was opposed by 14 Republicans, but it attracted the support of 10 Democrats.
For numerous reasons, the bill, H.R. 3630, is controversial with Democrats, who wanted to pay for these extensions through tax increases. The House GOP bill pays for extensions to the payroll tax holiday and unemployment insurance through reforms and cuts to existing spending, and would also trim discretionary spending by $30 billion over the next decade.
House Ways & Means Committee Chairman Dave Camp (R-Mich.) defended these unemployment provisions as needed reforms that would promote work over welfare.
"Why are we making these reforms instead of just passing a straight extension?" he asked on the floor. "Because we know that a paycheck is better than an unemployment check. These bipartisan reforms will help get Americans back to work while providing them with assistance during hard times."
The bill also contains what Democrats see as extraneous language that would speed up the timing of the Keystone XL oil sands pipeline, and delays pending EPA rules on industrial boilers. Pelosi said Republicans were using the Keystone pipeline issue as a diversion from President Obama's jobs plan.
"It is clear that the Republicans, in using the pipeline, are trying to change the subject," she said.
Republicans said the Keystone language and other provisions answer the demands by Democrats to approve a jobs plan, but Democrats rejected this. Some went so far as to say the GOP wants the bill to fail, as President Obama on Tuesday threatened to veto the bill over the Keystone language.
"So they're bringing a bill to the floor today, which says they're for a payroll-tax cut, but has within it the seeds of its own destruction, because it has poison pills, which they know are not acceptable to the president," House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.) said.
"The House Republicans have designed a bill to fail," Rep. Jim McGovern (D-Mass.) said. "They say they're for extending the payroll-tax cut for middle-class Americans, they say they want to help the unemployed, but yet they demand a ransom in order for us to get this passed."
Like Camp, House Rules Committee Chairman David Dreier (R-Calif.) insisted that the various provisions in the bill are not poison pills, but real reforms aimed at trimming federal spending in light of the ongoing fiscal crisis.
"The idea of saying that we want to encourage those who are unemployed to move towards a GED does not seem to me to be a poison pill," Dreier said of one of the reforms to the unemployment insurance program that Democrats opposed. "The idea of saying that we should have drug testing … so that people who are receiving these unemployment benefits are not using those resources to purchase drugs is obviously not a poison pill."
Democrats more generally complained about the process Republicans used to bring up a bill that had no input from Democrats. House Minority Whip Steny Hoyer (D-Md.) said Republicans reneged on there promise not to attack controversial language to must-pass bills.
"That apparently was a campaign pledge not to be honored in practice," he said, adding that he would be "shocked" if anyone read the bill.
"If Republicans were serious, truly serious about trying to come together on behalf of American families, they would have reached out to Democrats in this House," House Ways & Means Committee Ranking Member Sandy Levin (D-Mich.) said. "They've done nothing of the sort. They've made a sham out of bipartisanship."
House Energy & Commerce Committee Ranking Member Henry Waxman (D-Calif.) predicted Democrats would win back the House once the nation sees the "Keystone Kops" way Republicans have managed the House, and based on this, introduced two subcommittee ranking members as the future chairmen of those subcommittees.
Democrats used every trick in the book to slow House consideration of the bill. Before the rule for the bill was debated, Democrats raised a point of order against the bill. Later, they put forward a motion to recommit the bill, usually a 30 minute delay before passage. But this time, Democrats insisted that a good chunk of the lengthy motion be read out loud, which delayed the final vote even more.
Democrats voting "yes" were Reps. John BarrowJohn BarrowDem files Ethics complaint on Benghazi panel Barrow thanks staff in farewell speech The best and the worst of the midterms MORE (Ga.), Dan Boren (Okla.), Leonard Boswell (Iowa), Bruce BraleyBruce BraleyCriminal sentencing bill tests McConnell-Grassley relationship Trump's VP list shrinks Vernon wins Iowa House Dem primary MORE (Iowa), Dennis Cardoza (Calif.), Joe DonnellyJoe DonnellyOvernight Finance: Senate rejects funding bill as shutdown looms | Labor Dept. to probe Wells Fargo | Fed to ease stress test rules for small banks Overnight Energy: Judges scrutinize Obama climate rule Funding bill rejected as shutdown nears MORE (Ind.), Dave Loebsack (Iowa), Jim MathesonJim MathesonLobbying world House Dem donated K to freshman GOP lawmaker An election of choices MORE (Utah), Mike Ross (Ark.), and Tim Walz (Minn.).
Republicans voting against it were Reps. Justin AmashJustin AmashHouse Freedom Caucus member slows floor business House votes to block Gitmo transfers Republican exodus from Trump grows MORE (Mich.), Joe Barton (Texas), Mo BrooksMo BrooksGOP bill would block undocumenteds from military service GOP rep: Muslims want to 'kill every homosexual' in the US House GOP avoids debate over immigration in defense bill MORE (Ala.), John Campbell (Calif.), Jeff FlakeJeff FlakeObama defeat is Schumer victory Top GOP chairmen investigating foreign visa program Pence rallies GOP before final stretch MORE (Ariz.), Jeff FortenberryJeff FortenberryPence rallies GOP before final stretch Pence to House GOP: Trump needs your help Week ahead: GOP ready to pounce after ObamaCare's bad summer MORE (Neb.), Scott GarrettScott GarrettYellen defends Fed from Trump attacks The Trail 2016: Candidate tug-of-war Dem group slams NJ Republican for 'hateful agenda' MORE (NJ), Tim JohnsonTim JohnsonBank lobbyists counting down to Shelby’s exit Former GOP senator endorses Clinton after Orlando shooting Housing groups argue Freddie Mac's loss should spur finance reform MORE (Ill.), Cynthia LummisCynthia LummisFemale lawmakers urge Obama to back a woman for UN chief Trump calls congresswoman to stage at child care policy speech Program for protecting species under Endangered Species Act badly needs a jump-start MORE (Wyo.), Tom McClintock (Calif.), David McKinleyDavid McKinleyEthics panel scolds GOP lawmaker over namesake firm Lawmakers press concerns over fuel efficiency rules Senate panel approves pension rescue for coal miners MORE (W.Va.), Randy NeugebauerRandy NeugebauerIt is time to abolish the Durbin Amendment Congress deserves answers on retailers’ merchant markup Retailers are shirking consumer data security responsibilities MORE (Texas), Frank WolfFrank Wolf10 most expensive House races Benghazi Report and Hillary: What it means for Philadelphia Lobbying World MORE (Va.), and Rob WoodallRob WoodallOvernight Finance: Senate rejects funding bill as shutdown looms | Labor Dept. to probe Wells Fargo | Fed to ease stress test rules for small banks Lawmakers clash over race claims in Flint aid delay Republican Study Committee elders back Harris for chairman MORE (Ga.).
Presidential candidates Ron Paul (R-Texas) and Michele BachmannMichele BachmannTrump says 2016 is the GOP's last chance to win Bachmann: Clinton will prosecute churches and nonprofits The Hill's 12:30 Report MORE (R-Minn.) did not vote.
— This story was updated at 7:21 p.m.