Republicans have said those recess appointments broke an understanding that both parties had, under which recess appointments cannot be made unless the Senate is in recess. At the time in early January, both the House and Senate were holding pro-forma sessions, meeting briefly every three days at a minimum.
It then defines a day of adjournment as "a day on which the Senate does not meet." That definition reflects what some legal experts saw as a rough guideline for defining a recess: a period of about 10 days without being in session.
Aside from Issa, the bill is sponsored by Reps. Blake Farenthold (R-Texas), James Lankford (R-Okla.), Connie Mack (R-Fla.), Patrick McHenry (R-N.C.), John Mica (R-Fla.) and Dennis Ross (R-Fla.).