Reps. Raúl Labrador (R-Idaho) and Bobby ScottRobert (Bobby) Cortez ScottHouse Dems demand answers from HHS on DOJ's ObamaCare decision Overnight Health Care — Sponsored by PCMA — DOJ move against ObamaCare sets off frenzy Dems blast DOJ for 'stunning attack on the rule of law' in ObamaCare case MORE (D-Va.) have introduced legislation that would allow courts to sentence drug crime offenders on a case-by-case basis.

Labrador said the proposal would help reduce the number of people sent to jail for drug offenses, thereby reducing the cost of maintaining the prison population. Nearly half of the U.S. prison population consists of people convicted of drug crimes, according to the Federal Bureau of Prisons. 

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"The 'one-size-fits-all' approach Congress put on the books has tied the hands of judges without improving public safety," Labrador said in a statement.

Scott, the top Democrat on the House Education and the Workforce Committee, argued the current policy of mandatory minimum prison sentences for nonviolent drug crimes is ineffective.

"Studies of mandatory minimums conclude that they fail to reduce crime, they waste the taxpayers' money, they discriminate against minorities, and they often require the imposition of sentences that violate common sense," Scott said.

The legislation would also allow prison inmates to petition for new sentences.

Sens. Mike Lee (R-Utah) and Dick Durbin (D-Ill.) have introduced a companion bill in the Senate.