In addition, the attorney general would have to collect new information based on a nationwide sample of jurisdictions, including the "race, gender, ethnicity and approximate age" of the driver, and whether the immigration status of the driver was questioned.

The bill is titled the Traffic Stops Along the Border Statistics Study Act, even though it would require nationwide sampling. However, it would also call on the AG to compare the number of traffic stops made within 25 miles of the Mexican border to the number of stops made within 25 miles of the Canadian border.

All information from the AG's reporting efforts would have to be sent to Congress and published in the Federal Register.

Jackson Lee's legislation is one of a handful of new bills in the 113th Congress dealing with race. Another from Jackson Lee is H.R. 90, which is aimed at boosting federal enforcement of hate crimes.

Rep. John Conyers Jr. (D-Mich.) reintroduced legislation that would set up a committee to study reparations proposals for African-Americans. Conyers has proposed this bill, H.R. 40, for the last several Congresses.

"The establishment of a commission to study the institution of slavery in the United States, as well as its consequences that reach into modern-day society, is our responsibility," he said last week.

"H.R. 40 establishes a commission to examine the institution of slavery and its legacy, like racial disparities in education, housing and healthcare," he said. "Following this examination, the commission would recommend appropriate remedies to Congress. As I have indicated before, remedies do not equate to monetary compensation."

Conyers has also put forward H.R. 98, a bill that would provide a remedy for survivors and descendants of the victims of the Tulsa, Okla., race riot of 1921.