Democrats proposed legislation on Tuesday to ban racial profiling by police in response to the death of Trayvon Martin. 

Under the End Racial Profiling Act, H.R. 2851, introduced by House Judiciary Committee ranking member John Conyers (D-Mich.), the ban would be enforceable through the courts.

"Recent events demonstrate that racial profiling remains a divisive issue that strikes at the very foundation of our democracy," Conyers said Tuesday. "Though the death of Trayvon Martin was not the result of a law enforcement encounter, the issues of race and reasonable suspicion of criminal conduct are so closely linked in the minds of the public that his death cannot be separated from the law enforcement profiling debate."

While Conyers said Martin's death is justification for the bill, Conyers has proposed legislation in the last several Congresses to end racial profiling. Still, Conyers said Martin represents other minorities who continue to be harmed by this police tactic.

"Ultimately, he is one of too many individuals across the country who have been victimized by a perception of criminality simply because of their race, ethnicity, religion or national origin," he said. "These individuals are denied the basic respect and equal treatment that is the right of every American."

Conyers said his bill would establish a "comprehensive federal commitment" to ending racial profiling. Aside from banning racial profiling, the bill would require federal law enforcement agents to be trained on racial profiling, and would require reports to the Department of Justice on racial profiling investigations.

The legislation would also allow Justice to make grants to states to develop "best policing practices," and allows Justice to issue reports to assess the progress of these efforts.

Conyers said the government's collection of data in the 1990s showed "significant empirical evidence" and agreement among many that racial profiling exists. He said profiling is eroding the trust communities need to have in law enforcement.

"Despite the fact that the majority of law enforcement officers perform their duties professionally and without bias — and we value their service highly — the specter of racial profiling has contaminated the relationship between the police and minority communities to such a degree that federal action is justified to begin addressing the issue."

The bill is supported by 39 Democrats, including several members of the Congressional Black Caucus.