This week: Trump delivers State of the Union amid immigration fight
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President TrumpDonald John TrumpArizona GOP Senate candidate defends bus tour with far-right activist Alyssa Milano protests Kavanaugh in 'Handmaid's Tale' costume Bomb in deadly Yemen school bus attack was manufactured by US firm: report MORE will deliver his State of the Union address this week as debate rages in Congress over immigration policy.

Later in the week, Trump and Vice President Pence are expected to address the joint House and Senate GOP retreat at the Greenbrier resort in West Virginia.

The retreat will give Republicans a chance to figure out their agenda for the rest of the year. As of now, Republicans aren’t all on the same page when it comes to immigration and other issues.

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The White House released a framework which calls for granting a pathway to citizenship for nearly two million young immigrants brought to the U.S. illegally as children in exchange for $25 billion for Trump’s promised wall along the Mexican border and other security measures.

Trump is also calling for other policies that would significantly reduce legal immigration, including limiting family migration and eliminating the diversity visa lottery.

The White House framework is facing opposition from both conservatives and liberals. Senate Minority Leader Charles Schumer (D-N.Y.) said Trump is using young immigrants as “a tool to tear apart our legal immigration system and adopt the wish list that anti-immigration hard-liners have advocated for for years.”

But conservatives are resistant to granting a path to citizenship for immigrants brought to the U.S. as children. Rep. Steve KingSteven (Steve) Arnold KingArizona GOP Senate candidate defends bus tour with far-right activist Iowa Dem candidate on Pelosi: 'Definitely' time for new leadership Full interview: Democratic candidate J.D. Scholten talks about his run against Steve King in Iowa's 4th Congressional District MORE (R-Iowa), arguably the fiercest immigration hawk in the House, panned what he described as an “amnesty deal.”

“Illegals have No Right to be here & have ALL violated our laws,” King wrote on Twitter.

Senators are trying to jump-start their negotiations on reaching an immigration deal, with less than two weeks before a Feb. 8 deadline, when the current government spending bill expires.

Sens. John CornynJohn CornynSen. Warner to introduce amendment limiting Trump’s ability to revoke security clearances Sentencing reform deal heats up, pitting Trump against reliable allies Rand Paul to ask Trump to lift sanctions on Russian leaders MORE (R-Texas) and Dick DurbinRichard (Dick) Joseph DurbinDems to challenge Kavanaugh for White House records 2020 hopefuls skeptical of criminal justice deal with Trump Sentencing reform deal heats up, pitting Trump against reliable allies MORE (D-Ill.) have been tapped to draft the Senate bill and are expected to meet for the first time this week.

“Sen. Durbin and I agreed to basically be a facilitator to get ideas on a bipartisan basis from the senators there and try to compile a consensus piece of legislation that we could then present to the majority leader ... that would be the starting place for the legislative process,” Cornyn said late last week.

A bipartisan group, led by GOP Sen. Susan CollinsSusan Margaret CollinsWhite House weighs clawing back State, foreign aid funding The Hill's Morning Report: Dems have a majority in the Senate (this week) Overnight Defense: Pompeo creates 'action group' for Iran policy | Trump escalates intel feud | Report pegs military parade cost at M MORE (Maine), is continuing to hold their own discussions as they come up with ideas to pitch Cornyn and Durbin, while also working to avoid another shutdown next week.

Trump and a bipartisan group of lawmakers agreed to include “four pillars” as part of any deal: A fix for the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program, a border security package, changes to family-based immigration and eliminating the diversity visa lottery program.

But some senators are floating a narrower deal, arguing Congress won’t be able to come to a consensus on a broader piece of legislation before early March.

That proposal, which came up during a closed-door meeting late last week, would pair protections for DACA recipients with border security. But it excludes key priorities for both parties, including leaving out Democrats’ demand for a path to citizenship or the changes to family-based immigration that conservatives want.

The Trump administration announced last year that it would end the DACA program, which allows immigrants brought into the country illegally as children to work and go to school. The decision set up a March 5 deadline for Congress to pass legislation or risk the deportation of hundreds of thousands of immigrants.

But the Senate is expected to start debate on its proposal early next month as part of a deal reached to end a three-day government shutdown.

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnellAddison (Mitch) Mitchell McConnellTrump stays out of Arizona's ugly and costly GOP fight Sen. Warner to introduce amendment limiting Trump’s ability to revoke security clearances The Hill's 12:30 Report MORE (R-Ky.) has promised that if senators can’t reach a larger agreement, and the government remains open, he will bring a bill to the floor.

It’s unclear what underlying bill the GOP leader intends to bring up, but he has promised a “fair” and “level playing field” for both parties.

“Sen. McConnell has been scrupulous about not making any commitments on what that bill is ... I think he’s waiting to see what gains traction,” Cornyn said.

Though most Republican senators have remained silent on Trump’s immigration framework, several offered their support for the proposal as a starting point for the Senate’s debate.

"I look forward to working with my colleagues to turn the framework into legislation that can pass both the House and the Senate with widespread support,” said Sen. Tom CottonThomas (Tom) Bryant CottonSentencing reform deal heats up, pitting Trump against reliable allies The Hill's Morning Report: Dems have a majority in the Senate (this week) Cotton: Reducing mandatory minimum sentencing isn’t reform, it’s jailbreak MORE (R-Ark.).

A group of GOP senators, including Cotton and Sens. David Perdue (Ga.), Chuck GrassleyCharles (Chuck) Ernest GrassleyDems to challenge Kavanaugh for White House records 2020 hopefuls skeptical of criminal justice deal with Trump Five things to know about Bruce Ohr, the DOJ official under fire from Trump MORE (Iowa), Thom TillisThomas (Thom) Roland TillisSenate gets to work in August — but many don’t show up GOP leader criticizes Republican senators for not showing up to work Orrin Hatch: Partisanship over Kavanaugh nomination 'dumbass' MORE (N.C.) and James LankfordJames Paul LankfordHillicon Valley: Trump escalates feud with intel critics | Tesla shares fall after troubling Musk interview | House panel considers subpoena for Twitter's Jack Dorsey | Why Turkish citizens are breaking their iPhones Hillicon Valley: FBI fires Strzok after anti-Trump tweets | Trump signs defense bill with cyber war policy | Google under scrutiny over location data | Sinclair's troubles may just be beginning | Tech to ease health data access | Netflix CFO to step down House Intel lawmakers introduce bipartisan election security bill MORE (Okla.), have been in close consultation with Trump and the White House on immigration.

 

State of the Union protests

Trump will be greeted with an array of protests when he arrives in the House chamber Tuesday night.

Female lawmakers plan to wear black in solidarity with sexual misconduct victims, similar to how Hollywood actresses dressed for the Golden Globes awards ceremony earlier this month.

Some lawmakers are also bringing guests associated with the “Me Too” movement highlighting sexual harassment in the workplace. Rep. Jackie SpeierKaren (Jackie) Lorraine Jacqueline SpeierDems demand answers on Pentagon not recognizing Pride Month Overnight Defense: VA pick breezes through confirmation hearing | House votes to move on defense bill negotiations | Senate bill would set 'stringent' oversight on North Korea talks Overnight Defense: Defense spending bill amendments target hot-button issues | Space Force already facing hurdles | Senators voice 'deep' concerns at using military lawyers on immigration cases MORE (D-Calif.), for example, invited Travis Moore, who spearheaded a letter from more than 1,500 former congressional staffers calling for sexual harassment policy reforms on Capitol Hill.

Scores of other Democrats are bringing young immigrants benefitting from a program Trump is ended as their guests. At least one GOP lawmaker, centrist Rep. Carlos CurbeloCarlos Luis CurbeloCook Political Report moves 4 GOP seats to 'toss-up' category GOP lawmaker: Every white suburban district in the country will be a swing district this year The Hill's Morning Report — Election Day drama for Trump MORE (R-Fla.), is making the same gesture.

Other lawmakers are going for more unconventional guests. Rep. Mark PocanMark William PocanHow Twitter vaulted 'Abolish ICE' into the mainstream Ocasio-Cortez tiptoes into Washington Gillibrand: 'We should get rid of ICE' if Dems flip House and Senate MORE (D-Wis.) is bringing Randy Bryce, a Democrat who has drawn national attention for his long-shot campaign against Speaker Paul RyanPaul Davis RyanThree scenarios for how leadership races could play out in the House New Dem ad uses Paterno, KKK, affair allegations to tar GOP leaders House Dem: Party's aging leaders is 'a problem' MORE (R-Wis.) for reelection this year.

And Rep. Jim BridenstineJames (Jim) Frederick BridenstineAstronauts named for first US manned space mission since end of shuttle program  Make the moon a refueling station — then head to Mars White House nominating new science adviser with extreme-weather background MORE (R-Okla.), the nominee for NASA administrator, will bring Bill Nye “The Science Guy” as his State of the Union guest.

A handful of Democrats plan to skip the event altogether. At least five lawmakers plan to boycott the address, most of whom announced their intentions after Trump reportedly described Haiti, El Salvador and African nations as “shithole countries” during a meeting in the Oval Office.

Rep. Joseph Kennedy (D-Mass.) will deliver the Democratic Party response to Trump’s address. In addition, Virginia state Del. Elizabeth Guzman (D) will deliver the party's Spanish-language response.

 

Defense spending

The House is expected to consider legislation this week to fund the Pentagon through September, amid slow action on bipartisan budget talks.

Shortly before the three-day government shutdown earlier this month, House GOP leaders had pledged to hold a vote on a full-year Pentagon spending bill to court defense hawks and Freedom Caucus members as they sought their support for yet another stopgap measure.

The House already passed a full-year Defense Department funding measure in 2017, but the Senate never took it up.

“It is past time that this essential, must-pass Department of Defense funding bill is enacted into law. Congress must act responsibly and quickly to get these dollars out the door and where they are needed as soon as possible,” House Appropriations Committee Chairman Rodney FrelinghuysenRodney Procter FrelinghuysenDems eyeing smaller magic number for House majority Puerto Rico mayor: Territory's profile has grown since hurricanes House panel advances homeland security bill with billion in border wall funding MORE (R-N.J.) said in a statement.

Democrats have been holding out on finalizing a budget deal as they push for Republicans to consider legislation to protect certain young immigrants brought to the U.S. illegally as children. As a result, since September, Congress has enacted four stopgap measures to keep the government funded.

At least one more stopgap spending bill is expected after current funding expires on Feb. 8.

 

Abortion

The Senate is gearing up for a brief showdown over abortion.

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) teed up a procedural vote on a 20-week abortion ban, after the House passed similar legislation last year.

The legislation, from GOP Sen. Lindsey GrahamLindsey Olin Graham2020 hopefuls skeptical of criminal justice deal with Trump Senate gets to work in August — but many don’t show up Graham: Flynn should lose security clearance MORE (S.C.), would make it illegal for any person to perform or attempt an abortion after 20 weeks of pregnancy, with the possible penalty of five years in prison, fines or both.

But the legislation is expected to fall short of the 60 votes needed to overcome Monday’s hurdle. Republicans have a narrow 51-seat majority and the bill has 45 co-sponsors—all Republicans.

The vote comes after President Trump urged the Senate to take up the abortion ban legislation.

"I call upon the Senate to pass this important law and send it to my desk for signing," Trump said in his address to the March for Life, an annual march against abortion in Washington, D.C.

McConnell said last year that he would bring the bill up for a vote, but didn't specify when.

A similar bill failed on a 54-42 vote in 2015, when Republicans had a larger majority. At the time, three Democratic senators supported the legislation.

The legislation includes exceptions for rape if the woman received medical treatment or counseling at least 48 hours before the abortion or if she reported the rape to law enforcement.

It also includes an exception for pregnancies that result from rape or incest against a minor if it was reported to social services or law enforcement.

 

Nassar sentencing fallout

The House is expected to consider legislation on Monday to make athletic organizations report sexual abuse allegations faster and establish policies to prevent misconduct from occurring in the first place.

The vote comes less than a week after former USA Gymnastics doctor Larry Nassar was sentenced to 40 to 175 years in prison for sexually abusing more than 150 young female athletes. A total of 156 victims gave testimony describing how Nassar sexually assaulted them while they sought treatment for sports injuries.

“The crimes committed against these young women are atrocious and rattle us all to the core. The fact that it went unreported to law enforcement is intolerable — and it’s a huge wake-up call,” Ryan said while announcing the vote.

The House and Senate each passed versions of the legislation last year. The final bicameral version will have to clear the Senate following the House vote before reaching Trump’s desk.

The bill would require reporting of sexual abuse to law enforcement within 24 hours and mandate amateur sports organizations to establish “reasonable procedures” to limit one-on-one interactions between young athletes and adults who aren’t their legal guardians, unless they are an “observable and interruptible distance from another adult.”

The House Energy and Commerce Committee announced Friday that it is seeking information from the U.S. Olympic Committee, USA Gymnastics, USA Swimming, USA Taekwondo and Michigan State University on their roles in tracking abuse of athletes.

“These organizations must have mechanisms in place to ensure complete oversight and prevent such abuses from occurring,” House Energy and Commerce Committee Chairman Greg WaldenGregory (Greg) Paul WaldenThree scenarios for how leadership races could play out in the House House committee considering subpoena for Twitter CEO: report Top Republicans concerned over impact of potential Trump drug rule MORE (R-Ore.) said.

 

Nominations

The Senate is poised to confirm a judicial nominee who did not win the approval of their home state senator.

Senators are expected to start debate over David Stras’s nomination to be an appellate judge on the 8th Circuit on Monday evening.

Sen. Chuck Grassley (R-Iowa), the chairman of the Judiciary Committee, said last year he would move forward with Stras’s nomination even though then-Sen. Al FrankenAlan (Al) Stuart Franken#BelieveAllWomen, in the Ellison era, looks more like #BelieveTheConvenientWomen The Hill's Morning Report — GOP seeks to hold Trump’s gains in Midwest states Dems make history in Tuesday's primaries MORE (D-Minn.) refused to return his “blue slip” on the nomination.

The “blue-slip” rule — a precedent upheld by Senate tradition — has historically allowed a home-state senator to stop a lower-court nominee by refusing to return a sheet of paper, known as a blue slip, to the Judiciary Committee.

But how strictly the precedent is upheld is decided by the Judiciary Committee chairman and enforcement has fluctuated depending on who controls the panel.

Franken threw Stras’s nomination into limbo, and sparked a likely showdown over blue slips, in early September when he refused to turn in the paper because he was “concerned that if confirmed to the federal bench, Justice Stras would be a deeply conservative jurist.”