Vitter and co-sponsor Sen. Rand PaulRandal (Rand) Howard PaulGOP senators call for probe of federal grants on climate change Overnight Health Care — Presented by the Association of American Medical Colleges — Key ObamaCare groups in limbo | Opioids sending thousands of kids into foster care | House passes bill allowing Medicaid to pay for opioid treatments US watchdog: 'We failed' to stem Afghan opium production MORE (R-Ky.) said they do not believe the 14th Amendment confers U.S. citizenship onto children of illegal aliens, and that their language would clarify that it does not.

Vitter's other proposal, S. J.Res. 1, would prevent members of Congress from holding their office for more than 12 years. Specifically, it would prevent representatives from running for the House if they have already served six terms, including terms in which they filled a vacancy for more than one year.

Similarly, it would print senators from running for the Senate if they have served more than two terms, which includes vacancy terms in which they held the seat for three years or more.

Softening the blow for current members, the proposal would not count terms of office that begin before the amendment is ratified by three-fourths of the state legislatures.