The Republican plan, brought to the floor by Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.), failed in a 42-57 roll call vote Wednesday afternoon.
The legislation would have required the Interior Department to hold lease sales in the Gulf of Mexico and off the Virginia coast and set a timeline for review of pending offshore drilling permit applications. The bill also would have extended Gulf drilling leases for one year, among other things.
Every Senate Democrat voted against the motion to proceed, along with five Republicans: Sens. Jim DeMint (S.C.), Mike Lee (Utah), Richard Shelby (Ala.), Olympia Snowe (Maine) and David Vitter (La.).