Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnellMitch McConnellThe Memo: Winners and losers from the battle over healthcare GOP senators pitch alternatives after House pulls ObamaCare repeal bill Under pressure, Dems hold back Gorsuch support MORE (R-Ky.), for example, said the rule represents an “overreach” of the federal government in an attempt to “fix the Internet, when the Internet is not broken.”

“While we all understand the importance of an open Internet, I think we can also agree that the growth of the Internet in the last 15 years is an American success story that occurred absent any heavy-handed regulation by the federal regulators in Washington,” said McConnell. “[W]e should think long and hard before we allow unelected bureaucrats to tinker with it now.”

But Democrats who supported the regulations argued that if the FCC does not act quickly, communications companies could decide to ban or slow certain data from their networks’ infrastructure, resulting in discrimination. 

Sen. Jay RockefellerJay RockefellerObama to preserve torture report in presidential papers Lobbying world Overnight Tech: Senators place holds on FCC commissioner MORE (D-W.Va.) also argued that the administrations' rules were both gentle and fair. 

“This takes a light-touch approach and keeps the playing field free, they [the rules] keep the Internet open and fee for consumers … and for everyone in this country who want access to broadband Internet,” said Rockefeller.  

The resolution, which almost certainly would have been vetoed by President Obama, failed 46-52.