Harkin and McCain penned The Currency Optimization, Innovation and National Savings (COINS) Act in response to reports from the nonpartisan Government Accountability Office (GAO) that indicate that abandoning the note could save around $5.5 billion over the next 30 years.  Specifically the COINS Act would require that Federal Reserve Banks discontinue the $1 note four years after enactment or once circulation of $1 coins exceeds 600 million annually.

Although Americans have historically been resistant to adopting a $1 coin, McCain suggested in a press release that the deep deficit requires the government to save wherever possible.

“By moving from the costly dollar bill to the dollar coin, we can save real money and show the American taxpayer that we are serious about cutting spending in Washington,” said McCain.

An similar bill has been has been introduced in the House by Rep. David SchweikertDavid SchweikertFreedom Caucus backs three debt ceiling options Bipartisan lawmakers give blood in honor of Scalise GOP senators pleased with Ivanka Trump meeting on family leave, child tax credits MORE (R-Ariz.)

Sens. Scott Brown (R-Mass) and John KerryJohn KerryIn the fight between Rick Perry and climate scientists — He’s winning Obama cyber czar: Trump State Department needs cybersecurity office Kerry on Trump’s military transgender ban: ‘We’re better than this’ MORE (D-Mass.), late last year also introduced competing legislation, the Currency Efficiency Act that would protect the paper dollar from what the senators call a “massive overproduction” of the “unpopular $1 coin.”