"Senate Republicans will never side with American taxpayers against Big Oil," said Reid. "It’s against their nature."

Republicans surprised Democrats on Monday by voting to bring the legislation, authored by Sen. Robert MenendezRobert MenendezBipartisan group, Netflix actress back bill for American Latino Museum The Mideast-focused Senate letter we need to see Taiwan deserves to participate in United Nations MORE (D-N.J.), to the Senate floor.

With gas prices rising, Republican leader Mitch McConnellMitch McConnellSenate heading for late night ahead of ObamaCare repeal showdown Live Coverage: Senate edges close to passing scaled-down ObamaCare repeal Demonstrators gather outside Capitol to protest GOP ObamaCare repeal MORE (Ky.) urged his caucus to bring the bill to the floor in order to argue in debate that the $24 billion tax hike suggested in the bill would only be passed on to consumers, driving prices at the pump even higher. Republicans are expected to vote to kill the legislation later this week. 

Reid on Tuesday said the American people shouldn't be "fooled by last night’s bipartisan vote" because Republicans had already proven with rhetoric that they oppose the legislation to "roll back billions in handouts to oil companies making record profits."