The amendment failed on Tuesday, 43 to 56.
Sessions's amendment is one of a number submitted to the Agriculture Reform, Food and Jobs Act (S. 3240). Another one, by Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand (D-N.Y.), returns funding to the food stamp program that the farm bill cuts.
Sen. Rand Paul (R-Ky.) also introduced an amendment that would have replaced the food stamp program with state block grants. That amendment was defeated a week earlier.
Just before the vote on Sessions's amendment, the Senate approved three other amendments by roll-call votes and one by voice vote. One of those amendments, by Sen. Olympia Snowe (R-Maine), required "federal milk marketing order reform" in the farm bill. That amendment was approved, 66-33.
The Senate also approved an amendment by Sen. Chuck Grassley (R-Iowa) that limits payments "for marketing loan gains and loan deficiency payments." That amendment was approved 75-25.
An amendment by Sen. Sherrod Brown (D-Ohio) that funds rural development programs was approved 55-44.
The amendment approved by voice vote was one by Sen. Max Baucus (D-Mont.), which aimed to improve the livestock forage disaster program.