The vote on that amendment was 57 to 41 on a 60-vote threshold.
"I am going to, on behalf of the 57 members that voted for this today, to file a standalone bill, that's going to be called the Success Act bill of 2012. I'm going to ask all of those that voted today to join me as a cosponsor of the legislation," Landrieu said.
Landrieu said that, given the support of 57 members of the Senate and the White House, there was still a chance to pass the provisions in the bill this summer.
"Perhaps, with the administration's support — and they do support the provisions of this — and with the leadership shown by some of the Republican senators today, who knows, we might be able to get something done," Landrieu continued.
The small business bill provides a 10 percent tax credit for businesses that increased their payrolls in 2012 compared to 2011. The credit is capped at $500,000. The bill also provides a tax deduction for companies that make major equipment purchases.
The vote came a day after Senate Majority Leader Harry ReidHarry ReidDraft House bill ignites new Yucca Mountain fight Week ahead: House to revive Yucca Mountain fight Warren builds her brand with 2020 down the road MORE (D-Nev.) tried to move the small business bill forward as well as two competing proposals on extending the Bush-era tax rates. Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnellMitch McConnellSchumer blocks one-week stopgap funding bill Overnight Finance: Dems explore lawsuit against Trump | Full-court press for Trump tax plan | Clock ticks down to spending deadline Hundreds of former EPA employees blast Trump on climate change MORE (R-Ky.) blocked Reid's unanimous consent, saying he wanted to see the proposal preferred by President Obama and opposed by Republicans in paper form before he agreed to a vote on it.