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The Hill's Whip List: Obama has 42 Senate votes for Iran deal
President Obama has enough support in the Senate to save his nuclear deal with Iran.
Forty-two Democratic senators, including two independents who caucus with the party, now publicly support the deal, enough to potentially filibuster any measure of disapproval.
Under legislation passed earlier this year, Congress has 60 days - until Sept. 17 - to vote on the deal, which places limits on Tehran's nuclear program in exchange for lifting sanctions. Congress is expected to take up a resolution of disapproval.
This list was last updated on Sept. 8 at 6:06 p.m.
DEMOCRATS - YES (42)
Sen. Tammy Baldwin (Wis.) - "Simply put, I do not believe that rejecting this agreement is in our national security interest," Baldwin said in a statement.
Sen. Richard Blumenthal (Conn.)
Sen. Cory Booker (N.J.) - "We have now passed a point of no return that we should have never reached, leaving our nation to choose between two imperfect, dangerous and uncertain options," said Booker in a statement. "Left with these two choices, I nonetheless believe it is better to support a deeply flawed deal, for the alternative is worse."
Sen. Barbara Boxer (Calif.) - "In my view, this agreement is the only way to ensure that Iran's nuclear program is used exclusively for civilian purposes, which is in the best interest of the United States, Israel and the world," Boxer said in a statement.
Sen. Sherrod Brown (Ohio) - "This deal is not about trusting the Iranian regime, but instead working with our allies on comprehensive, verifiable restrictions to block Iran's pathways to a nuclear bomb without precipitating another war in the Middle East," said Brown in a statement first reported by USA Today.
Sen. Maria Cantwell (Wash.)
Sen. Bob Casey, Jr. (Pa.)
Sen. Joe Donnelly (Ind.) - "I owe it to the men and women of our Armed Forces and to the people of Indiana to have exhausted every other option to stop Iran before we would consider putting any of our servicemembers in harm's way," Donnelly said in a statement.
Sen. Dick Durbin (Ill.) - "Finding a diplomatic solution will make our country, our allies and the world a safer place," said the Senate's No. 2 Democrat.
Sen. Dianne Feinstein (Calif.) - "I stand behind the U.S. negotiating team and will support this agreement in the Senate," Feinstein, the ranking member of the Intelligence panel, said Tuesday.
Sen. Al Franken (Minn.) - "[T]o take the extraordinary step of rejecting it - because of clearly unrealistic expectations, because of a hunger to send Americans into another war, or, worst of all, because of petty partisanship - would be a terrible mistake," said Franken in an op-ed for CNN.
Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand (N.Y.) - "Our goal has been, and remains, to prevent Iran from developing a nuclear weapon. We have far more ability to achieve that outcome if we approve this deal ," said Gillibrand in a statement.
Sen. Martin Heinrich (N.M.) - "This deal sets the stage for a safer and more stable Middle East and a more secure United States of America," said Heinrich.
Sen. Heidi Heitkamp (N.D.) - "It isn't a perfect deal, but it is a good one. Americans deserve to see this deal through," Heitkamp said in a statement.
Sen. Mazie Hirono (Hawaii) - Hirono said Iran's nuclear program "will be disabled for many years" under the deal.
Sen. Amy Klobuchar (Minn.) - "While the agreement is by no means perfect, I have concluded that it is our best available option to put the brakes on Iran's development of a nuclear weapon and that is why I will support it," said Klobuchar in a statement. "In conjunction with that support I will also push for increased security assistance to Israel and enhanced defense cooperation with our Arab allies to combat terrorism throughout the region."
Sen. Angus King (I-Maine) - "The current alternatives, if this agreement is rejected, are either unrealistic or downright dangerous and so, based upon what we know now, I intend to vote in favor of the agreement," King said.
Sen. Patrick Leahy (Vt.) - "I know from my conversations with the president and Secretary Kerry and Moniz how difficult this was. I also know from my conversations with them, they were prepared to walk away than settle for a bad deal. ... This is not a bad deal," said Leahy.
Sen. Ed Markey (Mass.) - I believe our negotiators achieved as much as they reasonably could, and that if strictly implemented, this plan can be effective," he said in a statement.
Sen. Claire McCaskill (Mo.) - "This deal isn't perfect and no one trusts Iran, but it has become clear to me that the world is united behind this agreement with the exception of the government of Israel," she said in a statement. "I respect and understand those who oppose it but I have become convinced that it is more dangerous to Israel, America and our allies to walk away in the face of unified world-wide support."
Sen. Jeff Merkley (Ore.) - "I believe the agreement, titled the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), is the best available strategy to block Iran from acquiring a nuclear weapon," he said in a statement.
Sen. Barbara Mikulski (Md.) - "No deal is perfect, especially one negotiated with the Iranian regime," she said in a statement. "I have concluded that this Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action is the best option available to block Iran from having a nuclear bomb. For these reasons, I will vote in favor of this deal." Mikulski is also retiring from the Senate.
Sen. Chris Murphy (Conn.) - "The test for this agreement, then, is simple: is Iran less likely to obtain a nuclear weapon with this deal than without it? Because I answer this question affirmatively, I will support this agreement when it comes before the United States Senate for a vote in September," Murphy said in a statement.
Sen. Patty Murray (Wash.) - "I am hopeful that this deal will be implemented and will move us closer to our goal of preventing Iran from developing a nuclear weapon, but I will be monitoring it closely and will be ready to join others in moving quickly on other options if Iran choses to pursue an unacceptable path," she said in a statement.
Sen. Gary Peters (Mich.)
Sen. Jack Reed (R.I.) - "No one assumes Iran will change its stripes, which is why the agreement is built on a foundation of intrusive inspections and constant verification," said Reed, the top Democrat on the Senate Armed Services Committee.
Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) - "This agreement is obviously not all that many of us would have liked but it beats the alternative - a war with Iran that could go on for years," said the 2016 contender for the Democratic nomination.
Sen. Brian Schatz (D-Hawaii) - "This is the best possible way to deny Iran from acquiring the bomb. It is what is best for the United States, Israel, and peace in the region."
Sen. Jeanne Shaheen (N.H.) - "Rejecting this agreement would leave us with no credible non-military options for stopping Iran's nuclear weapons program," said Shaheen in a statement.
Sen. Debbie Stabenow (Mich.) - "I have determined that the imminent threat of Iran having a nuclear weapon outweighs any flaws I see in the international agreement. For this reason, I must support the agreement," Stabenow said in a statement.
Sen. Jon Tester (Mont.) - Tester called the deal "the only option right now," according to Dennis Bragg, a reporter for local station KPAX.
Sen. Tom Udall (N.M.) - "I urge my colleagues to support this agreement," Udall said in a floor speech. "We have a choice between this deal or no deal. I do not believe we will get another chance."
Sen. Mark Warner (Va.) - "This agreement is just the beginning, and not the end, of our combined international efforts to keep Iran free of nuclear weapons," said Warner in a statement.
Sen. Elizabeth Warren (Mass.) - "The question now before Congress - the only question before Congress - is whether the recently announced nuclear agreement represents our best available option for preventing Iran from acquiring a nuclear weapon," Warren told The Boston Globe. "I am convinced that it does."
Sen. Sheldon Whitehouse (R.I.) - "Short of war, with all its dramatic uncertainties and terrible costs, I do not see another pathway to impose a nuclear weapons-free Iran," said Whitehouse in a statement.
Sen. Ron Wyden (Ore.)
DEMOCRATS - NO (4)
Sen. Ben Cardin (Md.) - "This is a close call, but after a lengthy review, I will vote to disapprove the deal," he said in an op-ed in the Washington Post.
Sen. Joe Manchin (D-W.Va.) - "For me, this deal had to be about more than preventing Iran from acquiring a nuclear weapon for the next 10-15 years. For me, this deal had to address Iran's terrorist actions," said Manchin in a statement.
Sen. Bob Menendez (N.J.) - "I have looked into my own soul and my devotion to principle may once again lead me to an unpopular course, but if Iran is to acquire a nuclear bomb, it will not have my name on it," said Menendez, a senior member of the Foreign Relations Committee.
Sen. Charles Schumer (N.Y.) - "If Iran's true intent is to get a nuclear weapon, under this agreement, it must simply exercise patience. After ten years, it can be very close to achieving that goal, and, unlike its current unsanctioned pursuit of a nuclear weapon, Iran's nuclear program will be codified in an agreement signed by the United States and other nations," Schumer, likely the next Democratic leader, said in a statement. Schumer's opposition is a blow to the administration's effort to win over Democrats.
REPUBLICANS - NO (54)
Sen. Lamar Alexander (Tenn.) - "I will vote to disapprove the president's nuclear agreement with Iran because it does not sufficiently restrict Iran's nuclear program and makes no effort to put a brake on its other conduct as the world's largest state sponsor of terrorism," he said in a statement.
Sen. Kelly Ayotte (N.H.) - "We need to require them to dismantle their program. ... What we will have here is more proliferation in the Middle East," she tweeted.
Sen. John Barrasso (Wyo.) -
Sen. Roy Blunt (Mo.) - "This is a bad deal for the United States and one that will embolden our adversaries and jeopardize the security of our allies," Blunt said in a statement. "The stated goal of the negotiations was to ensure Iran never develops the capability to produce a nuclear weapon, yet the president agreed to a deal that does the opposite."
Sen. John Boozman (Ark.) - "We have a responsibility to ensure that Iran never achieves its goal of becoming a nuclear power. This deal give us little confidence that we will be successful in this regard," said Boozman.
Sen. Richard Burr (N.C.) - "I will not support this agreement and, as the Chairman of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, I will continue my efforts to ensure that we fully understand Iran's capabilities and intentions," said Burr.
Sen. Bill Cassidy (La.) - "This deal won't just jeopardize our security, but it will also hurt our economy. It would allow Iran to export oil but we can't," Cassidy told the Shreveport Times, explaining his opposition.
Sen. Dan Coats (Ind.) - "Congress should reject this bad deal," said Coats in a statement.
Sen. Thad Cochran (Miss.)
Sen. Susan Collins (Maine) - Collins called the deal "fundamentally flawed."
Sen. John Cornyn (Texas) - "The alternative to this deal is a better deal," Cornyn told reporters on a conference call earlier this month. "This deal is not a good deal in my view."
Sen. Tom Cotton (Ark.) - Cotton called the deal a "terrible, dangerous mistake" in an appearance on "Morning Joe" and vowed senators would kill the agreement.
Sen. Ted Cruz (Texas) - The 2016 presidential candidate called it a "staggeringly bad deal." "It is a fundamental betrayal of the security of the United States and of our closest allies, first and foremost Israel," he said.
Sen. Steve Daines (Mont.) - "Congress should vote down the deal and uphold our commitment to our national security and send a clear message that we cannot consider a deal that is so lacking in transparency and accountability," said Daines in an op-ed for the Helena Independent Record.
Sen. Joni Ernst (Iowa) - "This to me is a pathway to nuclear armament for Iran," Ernst told CNN when asked why she opposed the deal. "This deal does not stop them from developing nuclear capabilities."
Sen. Jeff Flake (Ariz.) - Flake has been an ally of the administration on its Cuba policy and was lobbied by the White House to back the Iran deal.
Sen. Deb Fischer (Neb.) - "While the president argued that we 'give nothing up' by 'testing' whether this agreement will constrain Iran's nuclear ambitions, I disagree," Fischer said in a statement. "The international sanctions regime took years to assemble and remains the most effective method of imposing costs on Tehran for their destabilizing behavior."
Sen. Cory Gardner (Colo.) - "Deal lifts the arms embargo against Iran, the world's largest state sponsor of terror. And the more detail we learn, the worse it seems," Gardner tweeted.
Sen. Lindsey Graham (S.C.) - "The deal is far worse than I ever dreamed it could be and will be a nightmare for the region, our national security and eventually the world at large," the 2016 contender told Bloomberg News.
Sen. Chuck Grassley (Iowa) - "I've always been skeptical about an agreement with Iran that fails to fully dismantle its nuclear program. This is a country that sponsors terrorism and has a history of hiding its nuclear program from outside inspectors."
Sen. Orrin Hatch (Utah)
Sen. Dean Heller (Nev.)
Sen. John Hoeven (N.D.) - "All along I've believed our best chance to prevent Iran from getting a nuclear weapon is strong sanctions until they absolutely agree to give up their nuclear program with anywhere, anytime inspections," Hoeven told the Grand Forks Herald.
Sen. James Inhofe (Okla.) - "I do not trust Iran who has been the leading state sponsor of terrorism for generations, and I have no faith that President Obama's deal will change the irrational and dangerous behaviors of Iran's government leaders," according to a statement.
Sen. Johnny Isakson (Ga.) - "I have said from day one that I will not be part of any agreement that allows the Iranians to develop a nuclear weapon," Isakson said in a statement.
Sen. Ron Johnson (Wis.) - "I will vote to disapprove this awful and dangerous agreement," he said in a statement.
Sen. Mark Kirk (Ill.) - "If Congress doesn't stop this bad deal, the American people will be left with a nuclear Iran and a nuclear arms race in the Middle East. Congress can and should insist on a better deal," said Kirk in a Chicago Tribune op-ed. Kirk is a top Democratic target in 2016.
Sen. James Lankford (Okla.) - "This is a bad deal for America and I have decide [sic] to vote against it and do whatever I can to defeat this agreement," said Lankford in a statement on his Facebook page.
Sen. Mike Lee (Utah) - "The agreement...that he has negotiated is a bad deal. I intend to do everything I can to stop it," Lee said during a town hall in Utah on Sept. 1.
Sen. John McCain (Ariz.) - McCain, chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee, said the upper chamber would have the 60 votes to vote down the deal.
Sen. Mitch McConnell (Ky.) - "The comprehensive nuclear agreement announced today appears to further the flawed elements of April's interim agreement because the Obama administration approached these talks from a flawed perspective: reaching the best deal acceptable to Iran, rather than actually advancing our national goal of ending Iran's nuclear program," said the majority leader.
Sen. Shelley Moore Capito (W.Va.)
Sen. Jerry Moran (Kan.) - "My best guess is that Congress, by a majority vote, will reject this agreement," Moran said at a town hall, according to the Topeka Capital-Journal. "I will vote that way. I think this agreement is horrific."
Sen. Lisa Murkowski (Alaska) - "Iran got the most out of this negotiation and gave the least. Iran's strategy of nuclear extortion has not been disabled. To the contrary, it has been rewarded," she said in a statement.
Sen. Rand Paul (Ky.) - "The proposed agreement with Iran is unacceptable and I will vote against the agreement," the 2016 contender tweeted.
Sen. David Perdue (Ga.) - "This deal won't prevent Iran from becoming a nuclear weapons state - it just delays it," said Perdue on July 23. "As I've said all along, I cannot support any deal that allows Iran to become a nuclear weapons state. Not now, not in 10 years, not ever."
Sen. Rob Portman (Ohio) - "The agreement falls far short of our own stated goals and that of the international community," said Portman in a statement first reported by The Columbus Dispatch. "This is another example of another red-line the Administration has drawn but failed to honor."
Sen. Jim Risch (Idaho) - "This deal falls disastrously short of what the Obama Administration originally promised and gives the Iranian government what it desires," Risch said in a statement. "The West will have to live with a nuclear Iran and will abandon our closest ally, Israel, under this horribly flawed agreement."
Sen. Pat Roberts (Kan.)
Sen. Mike Rounds (S.D.) - "I feel very uncomfortable with it. I think it's a mistake," said Rounds in August, according to the Argus Leader. "I think they got out-negotiated and I think, in doing so, it's not a good deal for the United States."
Sen. Marco Rubio (Fla.) - "I expect that a significant majority in Congress will share my skepticism of this agreement and vote it down," said the 2016 contender.
Sen. Ben Sasse (Neb.) - "Sadly, the Administration just lit the fuse for a nuclear arms race in the Middle East," Sasse said in a statement. "We all know Iran's neighbors will not sit idly as the world's largest state-sponsor of terror becomes a nuclear-threshold state."
Sen. Tim Scott (S.C.) - "It's hard to make a good deal with bad actors, and this #IranDeal leads us down a dangerous path," Scott tweeted.
Sen. Jeff Sessions (Ala.)
Sen. Richard Shelby (Ala.) - "Well I think it's a disaster," Shelby told Alabama TV station WVTM. "Ultimately it was a bad deal. ... If Putin's for it, why would we be for it?"
Sen. Dan Sullivan (Alaska) - "Principal objective of Iran negotiations was to keep Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon. This #IranDeal does NOT do that," he tweeted.
Sen. John Thune (S.D.) - "A nuclear armed Iran is a threat to the United States, and an agreement that allows Iran to retain all the components necessary to build a nuclear bomb is not a good deal for America and should be rejected," he said in a statement.
Sen. Thom Tillis (N.C.) - The freshman senator tweeted his concerns: "Democrats & Republicans share grave concerns over the bad #IranDeal & Congress has a responsibility to do everything it can to stop it."
Sen. Pat Toomey (Pa.) - "This deal would give Iran the capacity to inflict harm in much more destructive ways. I will do everything I can to defeat this deal, and I encourage everyone to do the same," Toomey wrote in an op-ed.
Sen. David Vitter (La.) - Vitter tweeted, "I think this #Iran agreement is a really, really bad deal for America, for Israel, and for freedom."
Sen. Roger Wicker (Miss.) - Wicker said he would vote against the deal because he didn't trust Iran's leaders to keep up their end according to Mississippi station WAPT. "When you're dealing with somebody, you consider the past conduct of who you're negotiating with ... the people in charge of Iran have shown no indication that they're trustworthy," he said.