“Our president said in 2012 that his administration has Israel’s back,” Graham said ahead of the vote. “This is a chance for the Senate to also say we have Israel’s back.”

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Menendez said Iran was the “the paramount national security challenge we face.”

S.Res. 65 also supports the full implementation of U.S. and international sanctions on Iran, which Graham said have been working but too slowly.

“This is about preventing Iran from getting a nuclear weapon,” Sen. John HoevenJohn Henry HoevenLobbying World Worried GOP views Trump trade war with angst Conservatives fear trade war could cripple tax cuts message MORE (R-N.D.) said. “If Iran can’t sell their oil, they won’t have revenue and won’t be able to build a nuclear weapon.”

The resolution says, “if Israel is compelled to take military action in self-defense against Iran's nuclear weapons program, the U.S. government should provide Israel with diplomatic, military and economic support.”

The resolution expressly says it’s not a declaration of war.

“Today the Senate will send a clear and unequivocal message to Iran,” Sen. John McCainJohn Sidney McCainHeitkamp becomes first Dem to back Pompeo for secretary of State Senate committee sets Monday vote even as Pompeo appears to lack support Trump checkmates Democrats in sending Pompeo to North Korea MORE (R-Ariz.) said. “The United States will not allow you to get nuclear weapon capability.”

Menendez, the Senate Foreign Affairs Committee chairman, said his committee would continue to look at other options, including increasing military pressure, in order to keep Iran from getting a nuclear weapon.