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Later Monday, the Senate will vote on whether to end debate on a substitute amendment from Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Patrick LeahyPatrick Joseph LeahyOvernight Defense: Defense spending bill amendments target hot-button issues | Space Force already facing hurdles | Senators voice 'deep' concerns at using military lawyers on immigration cases Senators 'deeply troubled' military lawyers being used for immigration cases Overnight Energy: EPA declines to write new rule for toxic spills | Senate blocks move to stop Obama water rule | EPA bought 'tactical' pants and polos MORE (D-Vt.). His amendment included the “border surge” language from GOP Sens. Bob CorkerRobert (Bob) Phillips CorkerOn The Money — Sponsored by Prudential — Senators hammers Ross on Trump tariffs | EU levies tariffs on US goods | Senate rejects Trump plan to claw back spending Senators hammer Ross over Trump tariffs GOP senator demands details on 'damaging' tariffs MORE (Tenn.) and John HoevenJohn Henry HoevenGOP senators introduce bill to prevent family separations at border GOP senators want NAFTA deal from Trump by Labor Day Senate GOP urges Trump administration to work closely with Congress on NAFTA MORE (N.D.). 

In the underlying bill an E-Verify system and entry-exit system at air and seaports must be in place before anyone is given a green card. The amendment from Corker and Hoeven would also require construction of 700 miles of fencing on the southern border, the purchase of more than $3 billion in new technology for border security, and the hiring of 20,000 more border patrol agents mandatory before green cards are issued.

Vitter called the Corker-Hoeven deal a “backroom gang agreement.” Some Republicans have complained that the bill repeats mistakes made during the last major immigration reform in 1986 when people were given citizenship before border security enforcement measures were in place.

“The amendment, as the bill is, is amnesty now, enforcement later, maybe,” Vitter said. “The only metric is spending money. We all know the federal government is great at spending money … but if that were all that mattered then we’d have a rip-roaring economy.”

Increased border security measures in the amendment come with a price tag of $46 billion, but supporters point out that the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) still estimated a net gain for taxpayers.

CBO has said in the first 10 years, the bill will generate $197 billion, and in the decade after that, nearly another $700 billion, but Republicans critics of the measure say those gains are to the Social Security Trust Fund and shouldn’t be used to pay for other projects since the money will have to be returned to the trust fund at some point.

Corker defended his amendment, saying it has “five tangible triggers” that Republicans have demanded and takes power out of the hands of the Department of Homeland Security to waive border security provisions. The trigger must be in effect 10 years after the bill is signed into law.

On Monday, Senate Majority Leader Harry ReidHarry Mason ReidAmendments fuel resentments within Senate GOP Donald Trump is delivering on his promises and voters are noticing Danny Tarkanian wins Nevada GOP congressional primary MORE (D-Nev.) filed cloture on the comprehensive immigration reform bill and final passage is expected by the end of the week.