“We say we’re for budget discipline, but we just bust the caps by calling it emergency spending ... but this isn’t emergency spending,” Vitter said on the floor. “We have to stop violating this rule if we’re going to get serious about the deficit and debt.”

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The Republicans who voted “yes” were Sens. John McCainJohn McCainOvernight Cybersecurity: Bad Russian intel may have swayed Comey's handling of Clinton probe | Apple sees spike in data requests | More subpoenas for Flynn | DOJ's plan for data warrants McCain: Dems killed Lieberman’s FBI shot When education is an ignored national security matter MORE (Ariz.), Lindsey GrahamLindsey GrahamOvernight Cybersecurity: Bad Russian intel may have swayed Comey's handling of Clinton probe | Apple sees spike in data requests | More subpoenas for Flynn | DOJ's plan for data warrants Overnight Finance: GOP bill would leave 23M more uninsured, says CBO | Trump aides defend budget | Mnuchin asks for clean debt hike before August | Ryan says House could pass bill without border tax GOP senators distance themselves from House ObamaCare repeal bill MORE (S.C.), Marco RubioMarco RubioTaking the easy layup: Why brain cancer patients depend on it Rubio: 'All options should be on table' if Flynn refuses new subpoenas Rubio ‘not optimistic’ on Middle East peace MORE (Fla.), Jeff FlakeJeff FlakeAARP targets five GOP senators on healthcare GOP talks of narrowing ‘blue-slip’ rule for judges Republicans consumed by Trump-Comey saga MORE (Ariz.) — the four authors of the legislation — and Sens. Bob CorkerBob CorkerIs Trump's White House headed into troubled waters? Overnight Tech: FCC won't fine Colbert over Trump joke | Trump budget slashes science funding | Net neutrality comment period opens Clinton administration official knocks 'soap opera' of Trump White House MORE (Tenn.), Kelly AyotteKelly AyotteWeek ahead: Comey firing dominates Washington GOP senators pitch Merrick Garland for FBI director Kelly Ayotte among candidates to be FBI director: report MORE (N.H.), Jeff Chiesa (N.J.), Susan CollinsSusan CollinsOvernight Healthcare: CBO fallout | GOP senators distance themselves from House bill | Trump budget chief blasts score | Schumer says House bill belongs 'in the trash' Collins uses CBO score to rip House healthcare bill GOP senators distance themselves from House ObamaCare repeal bill MORE (Maine), Orrin HatchOrrin HatchDOJ pitches agreements to solve international data warrant woes Senate feels pressure for summer healthcare vote Overnight Regulation: Biz groups push to scrap rule on reporting employee pay | GOP skeptical of Trump paid leave plan MORE (Utah), Dean HellerDean HellerNew CBO score triggers backlash Overnight Healthcare: CBO fallout | GOP senators distance themselves from House bill | Trump budget chief blasts score | Schumer says House bill belongs 'in the trash' Five takeaways from the CBO healthcare score MORE (Nev.), Mark KirkMark KirkTaking the easy layup: Why brain cancer patients depend on it The Mideast-focused Senate letter we need to see The way forward on the Iran nuclear deal under President Trump MORE (Ill.), John HoevenJohn HoevenOvernight Healthcare: Divisions emerge in Senate over preexisting conditions GOP senators meet with insurer for input on ObamaCare repeal Senate GOP short on ideas for stabilizing ObamaCare markets MORE (N.D.), Lisa MurkowskiLisa MurkowskiAARP targets five GOP senators on healthcare Senate feels pressure for summer healthcare vote Overnight Energy: Trump budget takes flak over oil provisions MORE (Alaska) and Lamar AlexanderLamar AlexanderOvernight Healthcare: CBO fallout | GOP senators distance themselves from House bill | Trump budget chief blasts score | Schumer says House bill belongs 'in the trash' GOP senators distance themselves from House ObamaCare repeal bill Republicans give Trump's budget the cold shoulder MORE (Tenn.).

The Senate is expected to pass the Border Security, Economic Opportunity and Immigration Modernization Act by a bipartisan vote at the end of the week.

The bipartisan group of eight senators, known as the Gang of Eight, introduced S. 744, which would create a pathway to citizenship for illegal immigrants already in the country, toughen border security, create a guest-worker program and boost high-skilled immigration.

Later Wednesday, the Senate will also vote on the “border surge” amendment from Sens. Bob Corker (R-Tenn.) and John Hoeven (R-N.D.). Their amendment adds more than $30 billion to the price tag of the bill, making it $46 billion total over 10 years. The amendment requires the hiring of 20,000 more border patrol agents, the completion of 700 miles of Southern border fencing and the purchase of $4 billion of new border security technology before immigrants would be able to apply for a green card.

The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) has said in the first 10 years, the bill will generate $197 billion, and in the decade after that nearly another $700 billion, but Republicans critics of the measure say those gains are to the Social Security Trust Fund and shouldn’t be used to pay for other projects because the money will have to be returned to the trust fund at some point.

Sen. Jeff SessionsJeff SessionsOvernight Cybersecurity: Bad Russian intel may have swayed Comey's handling of Clinton probe | Apple sees spike in data requests | More subpoenas for Flynn | DOJ's plan for data warrants Sessions did not disclose Russian meetings on security clearance application: report Sanctuary cities targeted in budget MORE (R-Ala.) said supporters of the bill are “double counting” the funds and that’s why the country is in such deep debt.

“Let’s stay with the budget,” Sessions said Wednesday. “Let’s require the bill’s sponsors to do what they’re suppose to do and should be able to do and that’s to produce a bill that pays for its costs.”

The Senate will also vote Wednesday on whether to end debate on the Senate Judiciary Committee's substitute amendment to S. 744, setting up final passage for Thursday night or Friday morning.