“We say we’re for budget discipline, but we just bust the caps by calling it emergency spending ... but this isn’t emergency spending,” Vitter said on the floor. “We have to stop violating this rule if we’re going to get serious about the deficit and debt.”

The Republicans who voted “yes” were Sens. John McCainJohn Sidney McCainTrump congratulated Putin after his national security team told him not to: report Trump faces backlash after congratulating Putin on election win McCain rips Trump's congratulatory call to Putin as an insult to Russian people MORE (Ariz.), Lindsey GrahamLindsey Olin GrahamSteyer brings his push to impeach Trump to town halls across the nation Trump formally sends Pompeo nomination to Senate GOP leaders to Trump: Leave Mueller alone MORE (S.C.), Marco RubioMarco Antonio RubioRubio: McCabe 'should've been allowed to finish through the weekend' For Tillerson, bucking Trump became a job-killer At least six dead after pedestrian bridge collapses on cars in Florida MORE (Fla.), Jeff FlakeJeffrey (Jeff) Lane FlakeSteyer brings his push to impeach Trump to town halls across the nation Flake: I'd back impeaching Trump if he fired Mueller 'without cause' Water has experienced a decade of bipartisan success MORE (Ariz.) — the four authors of the legislation — and Sens. Bob CorkerRobert (Bob) Phillips CorkerDem Iraq War vets renew AUMF push on 15th anniversary of war Senate sides with Trump on providing Saudi military support Senate, Trump clash over Saudi Arabia MORE (Tenn.), Kelly AyotteKelly Ann AyotteAudit finds US Defense Department wasted hundreds of millions of taxpayer dollars US sends A-10 squadron to Afghanistan for first time in three years No, the US did not spend million on a gas station in Afghanistan MORE (N.H.), Jeff Chiesa (N.J.), Susan CollinsSusan Margaret CollinsGOP leaders to Trump: Leave Mueller alone Overnight Defense: Senate sides with Trump on military role in Yemen | Dem vets push for new war authorization on Iraq anniversary | General says time isn't 'right' for space corps Overnight Health Care: House leaves out ObamaCare fix from funding bill | Trump appointees pushed to end teen pregnancy program | Key Dem raises concerns over potential CDC pick MORE (Maine), Orrin HatchOrrin Grant HatchNew kid on the tech block Senate GOP: Legislation to protect Mueller not needed Week ahead: Lawmakers scramble to avoid another shutdown MORE (Utah), Dean HellerDean Arthur HellerRepublican drops Senate primary challenge to Heller after Trump's urging Three states where Dems can pick up Senate seats GOP senator: Justice Kennedy is going to retire this summer MORE (Nev.), Mark KirkMark Steven KirkHigh stakes as Trump heads to Hill Five things to watch for at Trump-Senate GOP meeting Giffords, Scalise highlight party differences on guns MORE (Ill.), John HoevenJohn Henry HoevenTrump’s economic policies spur GOP angst Crop sale incentive program is wrong policy for trade and security Sen. Steve Daines knows the ski slopes, residents MORE (N.D.), Lisa MurkowskiLisa Ann MurkowskiProposed budget for Indian Health Services won't treat Native American patients equally Keep anti-environment riders for Alaska out of spending bill Industry should comply with the Methane Waste Prevention Rule MORE (Alaska) and Lamar AlexanderAndrew (Lamar) Lamar AlexanderOvernight Health Care: House leaves out ObamaCare fix from funding bill | Trump appointees pushed to end teen pregnancy program | Key Dem raises concerns over potential CDC pick Lawmakers race to prevent shutdown amid last-minute snags House leaves out ObamaCare fix from must-pass funding bill MORE (Tenn.).

The Senate is expected to pass the Border Security, Economic Opportunity and Immigration Modernization Act by a bipartisan vote at the end of the week.

The bipartisan group of eight senators, known as the Gang of Eight, introduced S. 744, which would create a pathway to citizenship for illegal immigrants already in the country, toughen border security, create a guest-worker program and boost high-skilled immigration.

Later Wednesday, the Senate will also vote on the “border surge” amendment from Sens. Bob Corker (R-Tenn.) and John Hoeven (R-N.D.). Their amendment adds more than $30 billion to the price tag of the bill, making it $46 billion total over 10 years. The amendment requires the hiring of 20,000 more border patrol agents, the completion of 700 miles of Southern border fencing and the purchase of $4 billion of new border security technology before immigrants would be able to apply for a green card.

The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) has said in the first 10 years, the bill will generate $197 billion, and in the decade after that nearly another $700 billion, but Republicans critics of the measure say those gains are to the Social Security Trust Fund and shouldn’t be used to pay for other projects because the money will have to be returned to the trust fund at some point.

Sen. Jeff SessionsJefferson (Jeff) Beauregard SessionsGOP leaders to Trump: Leave Mueller alone FBI chief refuses to deny reports he threatened to resign amid pressure House Judiciary Chair expected to issue DOJ subpoena over Clinton emails as soon as this week MORE (R-Ala.) said supporters of the bill are “double counting” the funds and that’s why the country is in such deep debt.

“Let’s stay with the budget,” Sessions said Wednesday. “Let’s require the bill’s sponsors to do what they’re suppose to do and should be able to do and that’s to produce a bill that pays for its costs.”

The Senate will also vote Wednesday on whether to end debate on the Senate Judiciary Committee's substitute amendment to S. 744, setting up final passage for Thursday night or Friday morning.