Vitter’s amendment would prohibit housing authorities from giving violent criminals who have been convicted of violent or sexual assaults against women or children any taxpayer funded housing assistance.

“I think it’s very reasonable and commonsense to say these crimes have serious consequences … like a stiff jail sentence,” Vitter said ahead of the vote. “But also that federal taxpayer won’t give you help for housing.”

Sen. Jay RockefellerJay RockefellerOvernight Tech: Trump nominates Dem to FCC | Facebook pulls suspected baseball gunman's pages | Uber board member resigns after sexist comment Trump nominates former FCC Dem for another term Obama to preserve torture report in presidential papers MORE (D-W.Va.) was the only senator to vote against Vitter's amendment.

Earlier Tuesday, the Senate voted 73-26 to proceed to consideration of S. 1243, the Transportation, Housing and Urban Development (THUD) Appropriations bill, which funds government transportation and housing agencies.

There is a $91 billion difference in spending levels between the House and Senate appropriations this year. For the THUD bill, the difference is $10 billion. The Senate bill is  $54 billion, while the House has a $44 billion bill, which is a cut of $7 billion from last year’s spending level.

The House Republican bill cuts the Community Development Block Grant program and high-speed rail projects, while Senate Democrats maintain most existing funding for those programs.

Sen. Susan CollinsSusan Margaret CollinsStates fill family caregiver void left by Congress GOP senator: ObamaCare fix could be in funding bill Collins: Pass bipartisan ObamaCare bills before mandate repeal MORE (R-Maine), the ranking Republican on the Appropriations subcommittee that handled the bill, said she supported Vitter’s amendment because it would help protect those living in federal housing against violent criminals.

The Transportation bill is the first of 12 annual spending bills the Senate has taken up.

Senate Majority Leader Harry ReidHarry ReidVirginia was a wave election, but without real change, the tide will turn again Top Lobbyists 2017: Grass roots Boehner confronted Reid after criticism from Senate floor MORE (D-Nev.) said he selected that appropriations bill to bring to the floor first to highlight the spending differences between the House and Senate, in an effort to push Republicans into forming a budget conference committee.

The Senate is expected to continue work on the bill throughout most of the week. Sen. Patty MurrayPatricia (Patty) Lynn MurrayGOP senator: ObamaCare fix could be in funding bill Collins: Pass bipartisan ObamaCare bills before mandate repeal Murkowski: ObamaCare fix not a precondition for tax vote MORE (D-Wash.), the chairman of the subcommittee encouraged senators to offer amendments to work on the bill could be quickly completely.