Sen. Blunt said his amendment would "send a clear message" to the administration.
Sen. Scott said his amendment would raise awareness about a tax on premiums.
Senators backed year-round Pell grants for college students, but rejected a funding increase.
Senators rejected the measure in a 45-55 vote.
The paid sick days amendment was offered by Sen. Patty Murray (D-Wash.).
"America does not project power from bankruptcy court," he said.
The amendment would have raised spending above the mandated budget caps.
Sen. Debbie Stabenow said her amendment was designed to bring jobs back to America.
The amendment would have created a budget placeholder for a wage increase.
Peter Sullivan and Cristina Marcos 03/26/15 12:12 PM EDT
Lawmakers endorsed a rare bipartisan deal that Speaker Boehner negotiated with Democrats.