The Assessing Progress in Haiti Act would require the secretary of State to give Congress an annual report until 2017 on post-earthquake recovery and development efforts in Haiti.
Democrats and Republicans are upset over not being allowed to offer amendments.
The Senate voted 71-26 for his nomination as secretary of Housing and Urban Development.
The bill still easily moved forward in an 82-12 procedural vote.
The Senate passed a land use bill Thursday before adjourning for the weekend. It would set up a land trust for a band of the Pottawatomi tribe.
The Senate confirmed Brian Nichols to be U.S. Ambassador to Peru by voice vote on Thursday.
The Senate passed a before adjourning Wednesday that aims to address issues of U.S. territories.
The Senate accepted House changes Tuesday to a bill that requires the administration to report to Congress on the harmful effects too much algae are having on fish.
The Senate advanced its first 2015 Appropriations bill in a procedural vote Tuesday.
The Senate voted 55-43 to confirm Peter Kadzik as assistant Attorney General at the Department of Justice.
Sen. Chuck Grassley (R-Iowa) said he opposed Kadzik's nomination partially because of the controversial prisoner exchange.