Sen. Mike Enzi said the budget wasn't the place to tackle student loan debt.
Rep. Steve Israel accused the GOP of waging a "cold war against hardworking Americans."
Afghan President Ashraf Ghani speech comes in the wake of President Obama's announcement that he will slow troop drawdown.
Rubio said he wants to use projected defense budget numbers from fiscal year 2012.
Sen. John Cornyn (R-Texas) said Tuesday that Loretta Lynch will likely be approved as the next attorney general, though he won't personally be voting for her.
"My expectation is that she'll probably be confirmed," he told reporters. "I've...
Sen. Mike Enzi said the amendment was not "germane" to the budget.
Bernie Sanders said the amendment was not an exact duplicate of Obama's proposal.
Final votes on the budget are expected Wednesday afternoon.
A GOP measure is approved, but a separate amendment fails.
The two amendments passed by voice votes.