The FBI charged 49 current and former Russian diplomats with defrauding Medicaid.
The move comes after the Obama administration published a list of 18 Russians forbidden from entering the U.S.
President Obama will start his second term by once again attempting to reset relations with Russia, reports the Russian newspaper Kommersant.
National Security Adviser Tom Donilon is scheduled to travel to Moscow to meet with President Vladimir Putin within days of Obama's Jan. 20 inauguration, the newspaper reported. The U.S. ambassador to Moscow, Michael McFaul, is also expected to attend, as is Russian Security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev.
A White House national security spokesman played down the imminence of the trip.
"No trip to Moscow is currently on the books but he could go there at some point," Tommy Vietor said via email.
The State Department labeled a new ban on adoptions of Russian children by U.S. families "politically motivated."
Russian officials denied allegations that the decision was in retaliation for sanctions adopted in conjunction with the trade bill.
The Foreign Ministry accuses America of hypocrisy following reports that some states would turn away international election monitors.
Matt Romney, the Republican presidential candidate's second-oldest son, sought to convey a message to Kremlin leadership indicating that his father hoped for good diplomatic relations with the country during a recent business trip to the country, according to a report from The New York Times.
The Times, citing an anonymous source that allegedly had been informed about the conversation, said the younger Romney told "a Russian known to be able to deliver messages to Mr. Putin that despite the campaign rhetoric, his father wants good relations if he becomes president."
If true, the backchannel remarks would seemingly contradict some of the
tough rhetoric Romney has aimed at Putin on the campaign trail, famously
calling Russia the United States' "number one geopolitical foe."
The administration, Tea Party freshmen and business community are all pushing to lift trade restrictions before Russia joins the WTO.
Lawmakers are still debating how to normalize trade relations with Russia while retaining leverage over the country on human rights.
Lawmakers want President Obama to light into Russia's Vladimir Putin when the two meet in Mexico on Monday.