The Internet Association said Beckerman will lead the group's efforts to advance policies that "strengthen and protect an open, innovative and free Internet."
When Beckerman announced his departure from Capitol Hill last month, Upton released a statement describing him as one of his "closest friends."
"Michael Beckerman is a trusted adviser and confidant who helped set the tone and legislative agenda at the Energy and Commerce Committee when Republicans regained the majority,” Upton said.
—Jennifer Martinez contributed
—Updated at 10:50 a.m.