In addition to being the head of the surveillance agency, Alexander also leads U.S. Cyber Command, a team of military hackers that trains for offensive cyberattacks and protects U.S. computer systems.
Since the Snowden leaks put the NSA in the spotlight, Alexander has launched a public relations campaign to try to rally support for the controversial surveillance programs. In public speeches and in open and classified congressional hearings, Alexander has argued that the programs provide critical information to thwart terrorist attacks. He also claims officials are careful to protect privacy rights.
But several lawmakers, including Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Patrick Leahy (D-Vt.), are working on legislation to rein in the NSA's power and toughen oversight.
Although Alexander has been aggressive in defending the programs, he has not faced the same level of criticism as James Clapper, the director of national intelligence. Sen. Rand Paul (R-Ky.) and Rep. James Sensenbrenner (R-Wis.) have called for Clapper to resign over misleading comments he gave during a Senate Intelligence Committee earlier this year.