The new legislation sanctioning Russia doesn't include controversial IMF provisions.
The request comes as Amtrak is seeing record ticket sales.
Treasury Secretary Jacob Lew met with the Ukrainian prime minister on Thursday.
“This is a serious hole in your budget here,” said Rep. Rodney Frelinghuysen.
The American Public Transportation Association (APTA) is recommending that Congress increase its funding of transit systems in the U.S. by $11.5 billion per year.
The association announced on Tuesday at its annual conference in Washington, D.C., that it was proposing that Congress approve $100.4 billion in new public transportation spending when the current funding for road and transit projects runs out this fall.
The current congressional surface transportation bill is scheduled to expire in September, and the trust fund that pays for most of its infrastructure initiatives is projected to go bankrupt as soon as August.
APTA President Michael Melaniphy said the funding for transit systems should be increased in the new round of transportation funding that Congress is debating now.
The budget debate is shifting to the appropriations committees as lawmakers begin work on their annual spending bills.
The legislation would allow the Obama administration to provide loan guarantees to Ukraine.
Senate Republicans questioned the level of the Obama administration’s tax hikes proposed in its fiscal 2015 budget, arguing that they could sap energy from economic growth.
Sen. Rob Portman (R-Ohio) expressed concern that the "steep tax increases" on investment income could weigh down economic growth and negate the benefit of $71 billion in additional revenue.
New Senate Finance Committee Chairman Ron Wyden (D-Ore.) said his panel is looking down many economic avenues to convince Russia to step back from its move into Crimea.
In his first hearing as the head of the committee, Wyden said his committee is "now looking at every possible economic lever to pressure Russia to step back from its unprovoked incursion into Crimea."
Hagel reportedly will unveil the plan Monday in his 2015 budget for the Pentagon.