Senate Democratic leaders have sent a letter to President Obama pledging their support if he raises the nation's $16.4 trillion debt ceiling unilaterally in the face of Republican resistance.
Support has been growing among Democrats in Congress for Obama to invoke the 14th Amendment or another legal justification for expanding the nation’s borrowing authority without congressional approval.
Senate Democratic Whip Dick Durbin (Ill.), Senate Democratic Policy Committee Chairman Charles Schumer (N.Y.) and Democratic Conference Secretary Patty Murray (Wash.) signed the letter.
“It is hard to imagine that the Speaker and Leader McConnell would really follow through on their threat to let our nation default on its debts. They are responsible leaders who know better,” they wrote in reference to Speaker John Boehner (R-Ohio) and Senate Republican Leader Mitch McConnell (Ky.).
“Sadly, some of their Republican colleagues do not. Therefore, we believe that you must make clear that you will never allow our nation’s economy and reputation to be held hostage,” they wrote in a reference to Tea Party-affiliated conservatives in the House who have vocally opposed more borrowing.
Michael Steel, Boehner’s spokesman, said Democrats must face GOP demands to slash spending and reform entitlement programs and predicted a backlash if Obama increased borrowing authority without cuts.
“Senate Democrats cannot ignore their responsibilities for political convenience — and the American people will not tolerate an increase in the debt limit without spending cuts and reforms,” Steel said. “Out-of-control Washington spending is costing jobs now, and condemning future generations of Americans to a lower standard of living. Washington Democrats must stop spending money we don’t have.”
House Democratic Leader Nancy Pelosi (Calif.) said last week she would invoke the 14th Amendment if given the choice.
“I've made my view very clear on that subject: I would do it in a second,” Pelosi told reporters Jan. 4. “But I'm not the president of the United States.”
Reid has changed his mind on the issue over the past 18 months. In the summer of 2011, he said Obama should not use the 14th Amendment to circumvent Congress.
"We should play by the rules," Reid told reporters at a press conference in July 2011.
Obama rejected the prospect of raising the debt ceiling on the basis of the 14th Amendment when some Democrats suggested it at the time.
“I have talked to my lawyers,” Obama said in the summer of 2011. “They are not persuaded that that is a winning argument.”
A Republican aide suggested Reid has shifted his position because he knows Democrats cannot prevail upon Republicans to pass a debt-limit increase without deep spending cuts attached.
“It sounds like Senate Democrats are running scared because they know they can’t pass the ‘clean’ debt limit the White House is demanding,” the aide said.
— Published at 3:36 p.m. and updated at 8:26 p.m.