The labels will include new language clarifying that the drugs are only to be used for people with pain severe enough to require “daily, around-the-clock, long-term” treatment, according to the FDA.
Drugs will also include a boxed warning for pregnant mothers. Children in their mothers’ womb can be affected by chronic use of the drugs, and as newborns they can display withdrawal symptoms that could result in death.
"The goal of all of these labeling changes is to help physicians work with their patients to determine whether these potent pain relievers are the most appropriate treatment for their specific situation and if so, to help them in managing their use," Hamburg added in a blog post on the FDA's website.
According to the Centers for Disease Control, more than 15,000 Americans died in 2009 from opiod pain relievers like oxycodone.
“The FDA’s primary tool for informing prescribers about the approved uses of medications is the product labeling,” added a statement from Douglas Throckmorton, the agency’s deputy director for regulatory programs.
He said that the changes “will encourage better, more appropriate, prescribing, monitoring and patient counseling practices involving these drugs.”
-- This post was updated with additional information at 3:13 p.m.