The White House and congressional Republicans on Tuesday signaled a new willingness to work together to reach a long-term budget deal.
After deriding President Obama’s proposal for debt negotiations to be led by Vice President Joe BidenJoe BidenBiden schedule sets off 2020 speculation The Hill's 12:30 Report Biden spotted at Wizards playoff game MORE, congressional Republicans announced they would send House Majority Leader Eric CantorEric CantorTrump nominates two new DOD officials Brat: New ObamaCare repeal bill has 'significant' changes Overnight Energy: Flint lawmaker pushes EPA for new lead rule MORE (Va.) and Senate Minority Whip Jon Kyl (Ariz.) as their representatives for the May 5 talks.
Signs of cooperation and optimism came one day after a sharp warning from the Standard & Poor’s credit rating agency, which downgraded its outlook for U.S. debt from stable to negative.
The Monday report was the first overt signal from Wall Street of worry that Washington would fail to reach a budget deal before the 2012 election. If S&P downgraded the AAA rating on U.S. bonds, it could raise interest rates and make it that much more difficult to lower the national debt.
Whether or not S&P’s downgrade had a chastening effect, its wake has found Democrats and Republicans showing signs of interest in damage limitation and ameliorative talk.
Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner on Monday sought to calm markets unnerved by the report. “I think the prospects for a bipartisan agreement are better than they’ve been in a long period of time,” he told Fox Business Network.
He added that there is “no risk” the U.S. will lose its top credit rating.
Despite the soothing words and signs of cooperation, the two sides still are far apart on the substance of a budget deal. Obama continued to attack GOP proposals to transform Medicare and Medicaid while retaining Bush-era tax rates, and Republicans blasted the White House for threatening to raise taxes.
The politics of 2012, when Obama hopes to win a second term and Republicans seek to add a Senate majority to the one they now enjoy in the House, already are seeping into the debate over the budget.
At the Northern Virginia Community College town hall, Obama appealed to young voters, one of his core electoral constituencies, saying that unless they mobilized, special interests will balance the federal budget by slashing student aid and other education spending.
Republicans want to cut Pell Grant scholarships with their budget, Obama said, while his own budget plan would increase education spending.
“There are powerful voices in Washington. … And they’re going to want to reduce the deficit on your backs. And if you are not heard, that’s exactly what’s going to happen,” Obama said.
The appointments of Kyl and Cantor add seriousness to the Biden-led talks, scheduled to begin when Congress returns to Washington, but they won’t make reaching a deal any less daunting, especially by the July deadline the administration has set for raising the nation’s $14.3 trillion debt ceiling.
Cantor, seen as a possible successor and rival to Speaker John BoehnerJohn BoehnerLobbyists bounce back under Trump Business groups silent on Trump's Ex-Im nominee Chaffetz won't run for reelection MORE (R-Ohio), immediately said he was doubtful a deal could be reached.
“I remain skeptical that the administration will take this effort seriously, especially after it all but ignored its previous debt commission and President Obama had to be dragged kicking and screaming to consider minimal spending cuts for the rest of this fiscal year,” he said.
Cantor and Kyl are fiscal conservatives with strong ties to business. Each sits on his chamber’s tax-writing committee, and both enjoy credibility with their colleagues.
Cantor, especially, is popular with House freshmen, and his appointment could reassure them they will not be sold out in a backroom deal.
While Cantor is seen as a possible future Speaker, Kyl announced earlier this year that he would not seek another term.
Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnellMitch McConnellStudy: Trump tops recent GOP presidents in signing bills in first 100 days Senate passes stopgap funding bill to avert shutdown Let’s never talk about a government shutdown — ever again MORE (R-Ky.) said he was encouraged that Obama said in an interview last week that spending cuts would have to accompany a deal to raise the debt ceiling. The White House had argued for a “clean” bill that would only raise the debt ceiling.
“There is bipartisan opposition in the Senate to raising the debt ceiling unless we do something significant about the debt, and I was encouraged to see the president acknowledge that in an interview Friday,” McConnell said in a statement announcing Kyl’s appointment.
“With the president’s acknowledgment, and with the S&P warning of the consequences of inaction, it is my hope that there will be a new urgency from the White House and our friends across the aisle to finding solutions to what we all know must be done.”
The Republicans will be negotiating with one of Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi’s (D-Calif.) liberal lieutenants, Assistant Minority Leader James Clyburn (D-S.C.), in addition to Rep. Chris Van Hollen (D-Md.), the ranking member on the Budget Committee.
House Minority Whip Steny Hoyer (D-Md.), who has made deficit reduction one of his signature issues, was not selected for the talks. Neither was Rep. Paul RyanPaul RyanDems, not trusting Trump, want permanent ObamaCare fix Kudlow: Trump's tax plan 'a home run' Samantha Bee roasts Trump at mock correspondents' dinner MORE (R-Wis.), the chairman of the Budget Committee.
Senate Majority Leader Harry ReidHarry ReidDraft House bill ignites new Yucca Mountain fight Week ahead: House to revive Yucca Mountain fight Warren builds her brand with 2020 down the road MORE (D-Nev.) named Finance Committee Chairman Max BaucusMax BaucusChanging of the guard at DC’s top lobby firm GOP hasn’t reached out to centrist Dem senators Five reasons why Tillerson is likely to get through MORE (D-Mont.) and Appropriations Committee Chairman Daniel Inouye (D-Hawaii) to the talks. Baucus last week vowed to oppose cuts to Medicare, while Inouye is known as a champion of pork-barrel spending.