By Erik Wasson - 04/20/11 12:08 AM EDT
The White House and congressional Republicans on Tuesday signaled a new willingness to work together to reach a long-term budget deal.
After deriding President Obama’s proposal for debt negotiations to be led by Vice President Joe BidenJoe BidenAmerica’s Eastern European mess Huckabee to Biden: Trump can land a 'face kick' The Trail 2016: Election night cliffhanger MORE, congressional Republicans announced they would send House Majority Leader Eric CantorEric CantorVA Dems jockey for Kaine's seat High anxiety for GOP Webb: Broken trust, broken party MORE (Va.) and Senate Minority Whip Jon Kyl (Ariz.) as their representatives for the May 5 talks.
Signs of cooperation and optimism came one day after a sharp warning from the Standard & Poor’s credit rating agency, which downgraded its outlook for U.S. debt from stable to negative.
The Monday report was the first overt signal from Wall Street of worry that Washington would fail to reach a budget deal before the 2012 election. If S&P downgraded the AAA rating on U.S. bonds, it could raise interest rates and make it that much more difficult to lower the national debt.
Whether or not S&P’s downgrade had a chastening effect, its wake has found Democrats and Republicans showing signs of interest in damage limitation and ameliorative talk.
Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner on Monday sought to calm markets unnerved by the report. “I think the prospects for a bipartisan agreement are better than they’ve been in a long period of time,” he told Fox Business Network.
He added that there is “no risk” the U.S. will lose its top credit rating.
Despite the soothing words and signs of cooperation, the two sides still are far apart on the substance of a budget deal. Obama continued to attack GOP proposals to transform Medicare and Medicaid while retaining Bush-era tax rates, and Republicans blasted the White House for threatening to raise taxes.
The politics of 2012, when Obama hopes to win a second term and Republicans seek to add a Senate majority to the one they now enjoy in the House, already are seeping into the debate over the budget.
At the Northern Virginia Community College town hall, Obama appealed to young voters, one of his core electoral constituencies, saying that unless they mobilized, special interests will balance the federal budget by slashing student aid and other education spending.
Republicans want to cut Pell Grant scholarships with their budget, Obama said, while his own budget plan would increase education spending.
“There are powerful voices in Washington. … And they’re going to want to reduce the deficit on your backs. And if you are not heard, that’s exactly what’s going to happen,” Obama said.
The appointments of Kyl and Cantor add seriousness to the Biden-led talks, scheduled to begin when Congress returns to Washington, but they won’t make reaching a deal any less daunting, especially by the July deadline the administration has set for raising the nation’s $14.3 trillion debt ceiling.
Cantor, seen as a possible successor and rival to Speaker John BoehnerJohn BoehnerDems brace for immigration battle 56 memorable moments from a wild presidential race Trump may pose problem for Ryan in Speaker vote MORE (R-Ohio), immediately said he was doubtful a deal could be reached.
“I remain skeptical that the administration will take this effort seriously, especially after it all but ignored its previous debt commission and President Obama had to be dragged kicking and screaming to consider minimal spending cuts for the rest of this fiscal year,” he said.
Cantor and Kyl are fiscal conservatives with strong ties to business. Each sits on his chamber’s tax-writing committee, and both enjoy credibility with their colleagues.
Cantor, especially, is popular with House freshmen, and his appointment could reassure them they will not be sold out in a backroom deal.
While Cantor is seen as a possible future Speaker, Kyl announced earlier this year that he would not seek another term.
Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnellMitch McConnellPelosi urges end to Pentagon's clawback of soldier overpayments Coffman’s stance on climate change disingenuous, irresponsible Bill Murray honored with Mark Twain Prize MORE (R-Ky.) said he was encouraged that Obama said in an interview last week that spending cuts would have to accompany a deal to raise the debt ceiling. The White House had argued for a “clean” bill that would only raise the debt ceiling.
“There is bipartisan opposition in the Senate to raising the debt ceiling unless we do something significant about the debt, and I was encouraged to see the president acknowledge that in an interview Friday,” McConnell said in a statement announcing Kyl’s appointment.
“With the president’s acknowledgment, and with the S&P warning of the consequences of inaction, it is my hope that there will be a new urgency from the White House and our friends across the aisle to finding solutions to what we all know must be done.”
The Republicans will be negotiating with one of Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi’s (D-Calif.) liberal lieutenants, Assistant Minority Leader James Clyburn (D-S.C.), in addition to Rep. Chris Van Hollen (D-Md.), the ranking member on the Budget Committee.
House Minority Whip Steny Hoyer (D-Md.), who has made deficit reduction one of his signature issues, was not selected for the talks. Neither was Rep. Paul RyanPaul RyanTrump slams ObamaCare after premium hikes announced The Trail 2016: Who is really winning? Pelosi urges end to Pentagon's clawback of soldier overpayments MORE (R-Wis.), the chairman of the Budget Committee.
Senate Majority Leader Harry ReidHarry ReidObama seeks down-ballot gains after being midterm loser Reid: 'I have set the Senate' for nuclear option Obama in Nevada: 'Heck no' to Trump, Joe Heck MORE (D-Nev.) named Finance Committee Chairman Max BaucusMax BaucusChina moves to lift ban on US beef Overnight Healthcare: Zika fight stalls government funding talks | Census finds big drop in uninsured | Mental health bill faces wait Glover Park Group now lobbying for Lyft MORE (D-Mont.) and Appropriations Committee Chairman Daniel Inouye (D-Hawaii) to the talks. Baucus last week vowed to oppose cuts to Medicare, while Inouye is known as a champion of pork-barrel spending.