Obama signs TRIA despite Dodd-Frank provision

President Obama signed on Monday a six-year reauthorization of the Terrorism Risk Insurance Act (TRIA) that included a provision progressives opposed to change the 2010 Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform Law. 

It ended a terse Congressional negotiation process that saw the TRIA legislation caught in lawmakers' political wrangling.  

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A vast coalition of business, athletic and tourism industry groups lobbied heavily for the program, which allows for the federal government to pay businesses after catastrophic terrorist attacks exceeding $200 million in damage. 

But the bill included an unrelated provision opposed by progressives, including Sen. Elizabeth WarrenElizabeth WarrenAT&T beefs up lobbying after merger proposal Sanders: I'll work with Trump on trade Poll: Warren could face rocky reelection path MORE (D-Mass.). 

The measure scraps a number of Dodd-Frank financial regulations on several financial services industry sectors, dubbed "end users" in Washington speak. Republicans and centrist Democrats argued that these restrictions were only intended for big banks. 

Prior to signing the legislation, White House officials and many Democrats criticized Republicans for including the "end users" provision in the bill, though Obama stopped short of issuing a veto threat. 

It comes as House Republicans are set to vote on another piece of legislation this week that would tweak Dodd-Frank. The White House has already threatened to veto that legislation, which would delay Dodd-Frank's implementation of the legislation's so-called "Volcker Rule" until July 2019. 

The Volcker Rule, named after former Fed Chairman Paul Volcker, requires that financial institutions only be able to hold a certain amount of  financial trades known as "collaterized loan obligations" (CLOs), which many economists view as a riskier form of financial trading. 

Despite the "end users" provision, TRIA garnered widespread bipartisan support, with the House passing the legislation earlier this month on a 416-5 vote, with only Tea Party hard-liners opposing. 

The Senate passed TRIA last week on a 94-4 incomplete vote. Sen. Marco RubioMarco RubioThe Memo: Searching for firm footing as Trump Era begins Overnight Energy: Senate panel clears Tillerson for State Senate panel votes to confirm Tillerson MORE (R-Fla.) opposed the legislation because he viewed the program as "corporate welfare." 

Sen. Charles SchumerCharles SchumerSchumer to GOP: Push back against Trump's 'alternative facts' McConnell to Dems: Work with us on GOP's 'formidable' challenges Democrats and the boycott of Trump's inauguration MORE (D-N.Y.) and House Financial Services Committee Chairman Jeb Hensarling (R-Texas) negotiated a deal, with Hensarling pushing for the $200 million threshold — double the amount of the former $100 million threshold. Hensarling and other Tea Partiers had argued that TRIA puts taxpayers at risk of bailing out big businesses.  

Warren and Sens. Bernie SandersBernie SandersSanders set for clash with Trump’s budget pick 
Democrats vie for chance to take on Trump as California governor Overnight Finance: Trump takes US out of Pacific trade deal | WH says Trump has left his businesses | Lobbyists expect boom times MORE (I-Vt.) and Maria CantwellMaria CantwellIn Energy hearing, Rick Perry capitulated to Big Gov on all fronts What we learned from Rick Perry's confirmation hearing Perry regrets saying he would abolish Energy Department MORE (D-Wash.) opposed the legislation because of the Wall Street provision. 

Congress first created TRIA in 2002 after the Sept. 11, 2001, terror attacks, and it hasn't been used since its creation. However, most businesses rely on the program's existence to provide economic certainty when they are purchasing terror insurance on the private market. 

For the insurance industry, the bill was a victory after an uncertain legislative process. Lawmakers failed to reauthorize the legislation before the last Congress ended, so the program expired on Dec. 31.

Nat Wienecke, senior vice president of federal government relations for the Property Casualty Insurers Association of America (PCI), praised Obama for signing the legislation.

"The overwhelming bipartisan votes in the House and Senate are a testament to the need for this critical program to preserve economic certainty today and provide for economic resiliency in the face of a catastrophic terrorist event," Wienecke said.