Obama nominates Merrick Garland to Supreme Court

President Obama on Wednesday nominated Merrick Garland, the chief judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia, to the Supreme Court.
Appearing alongside Garland in the Rose Garden, Obama said few of his presidential responsibilities "are more consequential than appointing a Supreme Court justice, particularly one to succeed Justice [Antonin] Scalia."
"This is not a responsibility that I take lightly," the president said, adding he was setting aside "short-term expediency and narrow politics."
"Today, after completing this exhaustive process, I've made my decision," Obama continued. "I've selected a nominee who is widely recognized not only as one of America's sharpest legal minds but someone who brings to his work a spirit of decency, modesty, even-handedness and excellence."
"He will ultimately bring that same character to bear on the Supreme Court," Obama said, noting that he was "uniquely prepared to serve immediately."
Obama grew animated when calling on Republicans to allow a hearing and vote on Garland.
"It is tempting to make this confirmation process simply an extension of our divided politics, the squabbling that's going on in the news every day," he said. "But to go down that path would be wrong. It would be a betrayal of our best traditions and a betrayal of the vision of our founding documents.
"This is precisely the time when we should play it straight."

Obama noted that Sen. Orrin HatchOrrin Grant HatchCorker turns downs Trump's offer to be ambassador to Australia Democrats urge colleagues to oppose prison reform bill The Hill's Morning Report — Sponsored by CVS Health — Trump’s love-hate relationship with the Senate MORE (R-Utah) was among those Republicans who voted to confirm Garland to the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals in 1997, adding that the Republican recently praised Garland as a "nice man" and in the past described him as a consensus nominee.

Obama also sought to invoke past remarks from John Roberts, now the Supreme Court chief justice, praising the legal mind of Garland.

Obama described him as a "serious man and exemplary judge" and said he would travel to Capitol Hill starting Thursday to "get a fair hearing ... and then an up-or-down vote."

Obama brandished his ties to the judge, noting he was "born and raised in the land of Lincoln, in my hometown of Chicago and my home state of Illinois."
Noting Garland was widely recognized in law enforcement circles and the greater legal community, Obama praised his "sterling record as a prosecutor," including at the Justice Department and overseeing the federal response to the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing. 
The selection of Garland fulfills Obama’s goal of putting forth a nominee who has support from both Republicans and Democrats. 
Regardless, the nomination is sure to trigger a partisan battle in the Senate, where GOP leaders have pledged to block any Obama nominee to replace Scalia.
Garland began making phone calls to lobby senators immediately following the Rose Garden event, according to White House spokesman Eric Schultz.
Despite the hardened opposition from Senate Republicans, White House officials insist there is no Plan B to hold off on Garland's nomination.
“We expect Chief Judge Garland to be confirmed in this Congress. Period," Schultz said.
News of Garland’s selection leaked out after Obama held a conference call with Democrats on the Judiciary Committee.
“We think the people should choose, as we’ve said repeatedly,” McConnell told reporters after the call.
Republicans argue an Obama pick would undoubtedly shift the balance of the court to the left and want the next president to decide Scalia's successor. 
In Garland, Obama is putting forth a candidate he says is deserving of GOP support.  
The 63-year-old judge has built a reputation as a moderate who is well-liked by Republicans. His professional résumé is similar to many justices already on the high court. 
The judge has proven to be confirmable in a Republican-controlled Senate. The upper chamber in 1997 voted 76-23 to confirm him. Thirty-two Republicans joined the majority, seven of whom are still in office.
The D.C. Circuit has long been considered a stepping stone to the high court. Three current justices — as well as Scalia — served there previously.
Garland was a top contender for the last Supreme Court opening in 2010, which Obama ultimately filled with his then-solicitor general, Elena Kagan. 
Hatch, a senior member of the Judiciary Committee, said at the time he would help Garland get confirmed if he was nominated — as Obama noted when he nominated Garland on Wednesday.
"I have no doubts that Garland would get a lot of [Senate] votes,” Hatch, a former chairman of the panel, told Reuters then. “And I will do my best to help him get them."
Hatch on Sunday called Garland a "fine man" and suggested Obama should nominate him. 
"[Obama] could easily name Merrick Garland, who is a fine man," the senator told the conservative news site Newsmax
"He probably won’t do that because this appointment is about the election," he added. "So I’m pretty sure he’ll name someone the [liberal Democratic base] wants."
Senate Minority Leader Harry ReidHarry Mason ReidMcConnell not yet ready to change rules for Trump nominees The Hill's Morning Report — Sponsored by CVS Health — Trump’s love-hate relationship with the Senate Trump to press GOP on changing Senate rules MORE (D-Nev.) called Garland "an exceptionally qualified and consensus nominee" and pressed Republicans to fold on their current Supreme Court strategy. 
"I do hope they will do their constitutional duty and give President Obama's nominee a meeting, a hearing and a vote. He's doing his job this morning," he said. "The Republicans should do theirs from this point forward." 

There were signs Wednesday the White House’s effort to line up supporters behind Garland is well underway. 

Prominent labor leaders, such as AFL-CIO President Richard Trumka and AFSCME’s Lee Saunders, were spotted in the Rose Garden. 

Senate Democratic leaders and members of the judiciary committee were also on hand for the announcement, as was Congressional Black Caucus Chairman Rep. G.K. ButterfieldGeorge (G.K.) Kenneth Butterfield'Diamond & Silk' offer chance for bipartisan push back on social media censorship Live coverage: Zuckerberg faces second day on Capitol Hill Senate passes bill to end shutdown, sending it to House MORE (D-N.C.) and Rep. John Conyers (D-Mich.), a senior African-American lawmaker. 

But no Republicans attended the ceremony, a sign of the bruising fight to come over Garland’s nomination. 

Trumka said he had initially heard Obama would select someone else but added his labor federation will support Garland.
“He’s a great judge. I had not heard Merrick is going to be appointed,” he said. “Merrick Garland’s a great judge, and we would support him.”
Garland’s experience could be appealing to members on both sides of the aisle.
He clerked for Supreme Court Justice William Brennan, who was appointed by Republican President Dwight Eisenhower but went on to lead the court’s liberal wing, and Second Circuit Court of Appeals Judge Henry Friendly, another Eisenhower appointee under whom Chief Justice John Roberts also clerked.
During his service as a federal prosecutor, he oversaw cases involving the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing and the Unabomber, Ted Kaczynski. 
Despite his lengthy résumé, Garland is somewhat of a surprise pick for Obama, who has valued racial, ethnic and professional diversity in his past judicial picks. 
Garland is a white male who would not add religious diversity to the bench — he is Jewish. At 63, he would be one of the oldest people ever to be confirmed to the high court. Like five other current justices, Garland graduated from Harvard.
Garland’s lengthy paper trail built up over almost two decades on the federal bench could also give Republicans ample opportunity to find objectionable views.
The Senate confirmed Garland to the DC Circuit Court of Appeals in 1997 by a vote of 76-23. But McConnell and current Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Chuck GrassleyCharles (Chuck) Ernest GrassleyGOP chairman in talks with 'big pharma' on moving drug pricing bill Senate GOP urges Trump administration to work closely with Congress on NAFTA This week: House GOP regroups after farm bill failure MORE (R-Iowa) both voted against him.
Republicans argued Wednesday that it would be relatively easy to oppose Garland because McConnell and Grassley were on record against him nearly 20 years ago.
A senior GOP aide argued that Obama’s decision to pick the oldest judge on his short list shows that he doesn’t have much hope of getting the pick confirmed by the Republican-controlled Senate.
Seven Republicans who voted to confirm Garland to the circuit court are still in the Senate: Sens. Dan CoatsDaniel (Dan) Ray CoatsThe Memo: Trump flirts with constitutional crisis Ex-Trump campaign adviser rips claims of spy in campaign: It's 'embarrassing' DOJ, Trump reach deal on expanded Russia review MORE (Ind.), Thad CochranWilliam (Thad) Thad CochranMississippi Democrat drops Senate bid Dems look to keep up momentum in upcoming special elections Chamber of Commerce makes play in Mississippi Senate race for Hyde-Smith MORE (Miss.), Susan CollinsSusan Margaret CollinsPressure rising on GOP after Trump–DOJ fight’s latest turn Trump's plan to claw back spending hits wall in Congress Dem rep to launch discharge petition to force net neutrality vote in House MORE (Maine), Orrin Hatch (Utah), James InhofeJames (Jim) Mountain InhofeDefense bill moves forward with lawmakers thinking about McCain Overnight Energy: EPA moves to roll back chemical plant safety rule | NASA chief says humans contribute to climate change | Pruitt gets outside lawyer House lawmakers to unveil water resources bill on Friday MORE (Okla.), John McCainJohn Sidney McCainOvernight Defense: Pompeo lays out new Iran terms | Pentagon hints at more aggressive posture against Iran | House, Senate move on defense bill Senate GOP urges Trump administration to work closely with Congress on NAFTA Sarah Sanders: ‘Democrats are losing their war against women in the Trump administration’ MORE (R-Ariz.) and Pat RobertsCharles (Pat) Patrick RobertsSenate GOP urges Trump administration to work closely with Congress on NAFTA This week: House GOP regroups after farm bill failure Singer Jason Mraz: Too much political 'combat' in Washington MORE (R-Kan.).
Alexander Bolton, Jordain Carney and Jesse Byrnes contributed.
Updated at 1:08 p.m.