House GOP cautious on Senate's bipartisan immigration blueprint

Key House Republicans are taking a cautious approach to the framework for comprehensive immigration reform that a bipartisan group of senators released Monday, refusing to endorse or condemn a development widely seen as a breakthrough.

The most critical — and potentially problematic — piece of the five-page set of principles remains its call for a “path to citizenship” for the estimated 11 million undocumented immigrants in the U.S. that is “contingent upon securing the border and combating visa overstays.”

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The new chairman of the House Judiciary Committee, Rep. Bob GoodlatteRobert (Bob) William GoodlatteConservatives express concern over House GOP immigration bill Republicans tear into IG finding on Clinton probe Trump vows to stand with House GOP '1,000 percent' on immigration MORE (R-Va.), said in a statement that any proposal for dealing with those currently in the country illegally would raise “a lot of questions.”

“When we look at proposals that deal with the legal status of 11 million illegal immigrants currently living in the U.S., we have a lot to discuss,” Goodlatte said. “The American people and members of Congress have a lot of questions about how this would work, what it would cost and how it will prevent illegal immigration in the future. This will have a huge impact on the American people, and so we have to carefully evaluate its impact.”

Goodlatte said the committee would “explore ways to fix our broken immigration system.”

The chairman of the subcommittee in charge of immigration, Rep. Trey GowdyHarold (Trey) Watson GowdyRepublicans tear into IG finding on Clinton probe Live coverage: Justice IG testifies before House on report criticizing FBI House GOP headed for showdown with DOJ over key documents MORE (R-S.C.), also took an open mind to the draft. "The current immigration system is broken and inspires confidence in no one,” he said in a brief statement. “So, proposals which balance the humanity which defines us as a people with respect for the rule of law which defines us as a republic are welcome.”

The eight senators who signed on to the framework included four Democrats — Sens. Charles SchumerCharles (Chuck) Ellis SchumerOvernight Health Care — Presented by the Association of American Medical Colleges — Trump officials move to expand non-ObamaCare health plans | 'Zero tolerance' policy stirs fears in health community | New ObamaCare repeal plan Selling government assets would be a responsible move in infrastructure deal Ignore the naysayers trying to disrupt US diplomacy with North Korea MORE (N.Y.), Dick DurbinRichard (Dick) Joseph DurbinLive coverage: FBI chief, Justice IG testify on critical report Hugh Hewitt to Trump: 'It is 100 percent wrong to separate border-crossing families' Opioid treatment plans must include a trauma-informed approach MORE (Ill.), Robert MenendezRobert (Bob) MenendezSchumer: Obama 'very amenable' to helping Senate Dems in midterms The Hill's Morning Report: Can Trump close the deal with North Korea? Senate must save itself by confirming Mike Pompeo MORE (N.J.) and Michael BennetMichael Farrand BennetActress Marcia Gay Harden urges Congress to boost Alzheimer's funding Overnight Finance: Trump wants Russia back in G-7 | Senators, allies push back | House approves first fiscal 2019 spending bills | Dems want insider trading probe over job tweet Dems want insider trading probe after Trump jobs report tweet MORE (Colo.) — and four Republicans, Sens. John McCainJohn Sidney McCainOvernight Defense: States pull National Guard troops over family separation policy | Senators question pick for Afghan commander | US leaves UN Human Rights Council 13 GOP senators ask administration to pause separation of immigrant families McCain, Coons: Trump should withdraw controversial refugee nominee MORE (Ariz.), Lindsey GrahamLindsey Olin GrahamOvernight Health Care — Presented by the Association of American Medical Colleges — Trump officials move to expand non-ObamaCare health plans | 'Zero tolerance' policy stirs fears in health community | New ObamaCare repeal plan McCain, Coons: Trump should withdraw controversial refugee nominee GOP senators drafting legislation to keep immigrant families together MORE (S.C.), Marco RubioMarco Antonio RubioDem scores upset over Republican in Florida county commissioner race GOP senators introduce bill to prevent family separations at border McCain, Coons: Trump should withdraw controversial refugee nominee MORE (Fla.) and Jeff FlakeJeffrey (Jeff) Lane FlakePoll: McSally holds 14-point lead in Arizona GOP Senate primary GOP senators introduce bill to prevent family separations at border McCain, Coons: Trump should withdraw controversial refugee nominee MORE (Ariz.).

The decision of Rubio, a rising conservative star, to join the effort could be crucial in attracting conservative support, and a spokesman for Speaker John BoehnerJohn Andrew BoehnerZeal, this time from the center Juan Williams: The GOP's deal with the devil Hillicon Valley: Trump hits China with massive tech tariffs | Facebook meets with GOP leaders over bias allegations | Judge sends Manafort to jail ahead of trial | AT&T completes Time Warner purchase MORE (R-Ohio) specifically cited his involvement in a short response to the release of the blueprint.

“The Speaker welcomes the work of leaders like Sen. Rubio on this issue, and is looking forward to learning more about the proposal in the coming days,” BoehnerJohn Andrew BoehnerZeal, this time from the center Juan Williams: The GOP's deal with the devil Hillicon Valley: Trump hits China with massive tech tariffs | Facebook meets with GOP leaders over bias allegations | Judge sends Manafort to jail ahead of trial | AT&T completes Time Warner purchase MORE spokesman Michael Steel said.

The House has long been seen as the more challenging chamber for immigration reform because of the opposition of conservative Republicans to any proposal that smacks of “amnesty” for undocumented immigrants.

Given that history, the muted response from conservatives in the House is notable. In a question-and-answer session with the Ripon Society last week, Boehner said that a bipartisan group in the House “basically [has] an agreement” on immigration reform. That group, he said, included both “hard heads” in his own party and Democrats who have long pushed for comprehensive reform.

A House conservative who has taken a leading role in the lower chamber’s discussions on immigration, Rep. Raul Labrador (R-Idaho), said the ideas released Monday were “good principles” that were similar to those that members of both parties in the House were discussing.

But he said the group’s proposal for a path to citizenship stuck out as a concern and would be “tough” to accept in the House.

“I think that’s going to be one of the sticking points between the House and the Senate,” Labrador said. “We have to be careful about rewarding people for illegal activity with citizenship.”

Labrador supports giving “some sort of legal status” to undocumented immigrants but not creating a “new pathway” to citizenship beyond the avenues currently available.

Labrador said he and other conservatives are looking for signs that President Obama wants a “policy victory” on immigration and not simply a “political victory” that comes from blaming Republicans for a failure to pass legislation. He called on the president not to “draw a line” on a path to citizenship for undocumented immigrants. “So far as I can tell he hasn’t drawn that line,” Labrador said.

Labrador, who refused to vote for Boehner for Speaker earlier this month, would not comment on whether he was in the group that Boehner referenced to the Ripon Society or whether an agreement on immigration was close.

There was at least one notable exception to the restrained response from House conservatives to the Senate blueprint: Rep. Lamar Smith (R-Texas), the former chairman of the House Judiciary Committee.

"When you legalize those who are in the country illegally, it costs taxpayers millions of dollars, costs American workers thousands of jobs and encourages more illegal immigration," Smith said in a brief statement. "By granting amnesty, the Senate proposal actually compounds the problem by encouraging more illegal immigration.”

Mike Lillis contributed.