Small percentage of lawmakers served during 1990s government shutdown

A small group of current lawmakers were in office during the government shutdowns in the 1990s.

Thirty-six senators experienced the 1995-1996 shutdowns, compared to just 20 percent of House members.

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Of the top eight leaders in Congress, a half dozen were on Capitol Hill then: Speaker John Boehner (R-Ohio), House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.), House Minority Whip Steny Hoyer (D-Md.), Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-Nev.), Sen. Dick Durbin (D-Ill.) and Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.). The two top leaders who were not in Congress in the mid 1990s are House Majority Leader Eric Cantor (R-Va.) and Sen. John Cornyn (R-Texas).

William Galston, a political scientist with the Brookings Institution, said, “It appears to me that the Republican leadership in both the House and the Senate is a lot more cautious of a government shutdown than the troops are. And that’s consistent with the idea that, at least in the minds of these senior Republicans, the history matters, or at the very least they’re unwilling to take the chance that it doesn’t.”

The GOP was blamed more than then-President Clinton for the shutdowns.

University of Maryland political scientist Roy Meyers suggested Republican leadership probably doesn’t want to relive the last government shutdown.

“I would be surprised if any of them would want to repeat the experience,” Meyers said. “But in the case of some of the Republican leaders, they probably feel pressure from their conference to go along with a strategy that the leaders know is not going to be productive at all, either on policy grounds or partisan composition grounds.”

A government shutdown could prove damaging to the GOP’s 2014 prospects.

Galston said, “This is the sort of decision which, if you guess wrong, can really have a catastrophic effect on your chances.”

The following is a list of all current members who were on the Capitol Hill during the last government shutdown.

House (91 Representatives)

Andrews, Robert. (D-N.J.)

Bachus, Spencer (R-Ala.)

Barton, Joe (R-Texas)

Becerra, Xavier (D-Calif.)

Bishop Jr., Sanford (D-Ga.)

Blumenauer, Earl (D-Ore.)

Boehner, John (R-Ohio)

Brown, Corrine (D-Fla.)

Calvert, Ken (R-Calif.)

Camp, Dave (R-Mich.)

Chabot, Steve (R-Ohio)

Clyburn, James (D-S.C.)

Coble, Howard (R-N.C.)

Conyers Jr., John (D-Mich.)

Cummings, Elijah (D-Md.)

DeFazio, Peter (D-Ore.)

DeLauro, Rosa (D-Conn.)

Dingell, John (D-Mich.)

Doggett, Lloyd (D-Texas)

Doyle, Mike (D-Pa.)

Duncan Jr., John (R-Tenn.)

Engel, Eliot (D-N.Y.)

Eshoo, Anna (D-Calif.)

Faleomavaega, Eni (D-American Samoa)

Farr, Sam (D-Calif.)

Fattah, Chaka (D-Pa.)

Frelinghuysen, Rodney (R-N.J.)

Goodlatte, Bob (R-Va.)

Green, Gene (D-Texas)

Gutiérrez, Luis (D-Ill.)

Hall, Ralph (R-Texas)

Hastings, Alcee (D-Fla.)

Hastings, Doc (R-Wash.)

Hoyer, Steny (D-Md.)

Jackson Lee, Sheila (D-Texas)

Johnson, Eddie Bernice (D-Texas)

Johnson, Sam (R-Texas)

Jones, Walter (R-N.C.)

Kaptur, Marcy (D-Ohio)

King, Pete (R-N.Y.)

Kingston, Jack (R-Ga.)

Latham, Tom (R-Iowa)

Levin, Sandy (D-Mich.)

Lewis, John (D-Ga.)

LoBiondo, Frank (R-N.J.)

Lofgren, Zoe (D-Calif.)

Lowey, Nita (D-N.Y.)

Lucas, Frank (R-Okla.)

Maloney, Carolyn (D-N.Y.)

McDermott, Jim (D-Wash.)

McKeon, Buck (R-Calif.)

Mica, John (R-Fla.)

Miller, George (D-Calif.)

Moran, Jim (D-Va.)

Nadler, Jerrold (D-N.Y.)

Neal, Richard (D-Mass.)

Norton, Eleanor Holmes (D-D.C.)

Pallone, Frank, Jr. (D-N.J.)

Pastor, Ed (D-Ariz.)

Pelosi, Nancy (D-Calif.)

Peterson, Collin (D-Minn.)

Petri, Tom (R-Wis.)

Rahall, Nick (D-W.Va.)

Rangel, Charles (D-N.Y.)

Rogers, Hal (R-Ky.)

Rohrabacher, Dana (R-Calif.)

Ros-Lehtinen, Ileana (R-Fla.)

Roybal-Allard, Lucille (D-Calif.)

Royce, Ed (R-Calif.)

Rush, Bobby (D-Ill.)

Salmon, Matt (R-Ariz.)

Sanford, Mark (R-S.C.)

Scott, Bobby (D-Va.)

Sensenbrenner Jr., James (R-Wis.)

Serrano, José (D-N.Y.)

Slaughter, Louise (D-N.Y.)

Smith, Chris (R-N.J.)

Smith, Lamar (R-Texas)

Stockman, Steve (R-Texas)

Thompson, Bennie (D-Miss.)

Thornberry, Mac (R-Texas)

Upton, Fred (R-Mich.)

Velázquez, Nydia (D-N.Y.)

Visclosky, Pete (D-Ind.)

Waters, Maxine (D-Calif.)

Watt, Mel (D-N.C.)

Waxman, Henry (D-Calif.)

Whitfield, Ed (R-Ky.)

Wolf, Frank (R-Va.)

Young, Bill (R-Fla.)

Young, Don (R-Alaska)

Senate (36 Senators)

Baucus, Max (D-Mont.)

Boxer, Barbara (D-Calif.)

Brown, Sherrod (D-Ohio) House '95

Burr, Richard (R-N.C.) House '95

Cardin, Ben (D-Md.) House '95

Chambliss, Saxby (R-Ga.) House '95

Coats, Dan (R-Ind.)

Coburn, Tom (R-Okla.) House '95

Cochran, Thad (R-Miss.)

Crapo, Mike (R-Idaho) House '95

Durbin, Dick (D-Ill.) House '95

Feinstein, Dianne (D-Calif.)

Graham, Lindsey (R-S.C.) House '95

Grassley, Chuck (R-Iowa)

Harkin, Tom, (D-Iowa)

Hatch, Orrin (R-Utah)

Inhofe, James (R-Okla.)

Johnson, Tim (D-S.D.) House '95

Leahy, Patrick (D-Vt.)

Levin, Carl (D-Mich.)

Markey, Ed (D-Mass.) House '95

McCain, John (R-Ariz.)

McConnell, Mitch (R-Ky.)

Menendez, Robert (D-N.J.) House '95

Mikulski, Barbara (D-Md.)

Murray, Patty (D-Wash.)

Portman, Rob (R-Ohio) House '95

Reed, Jack (D-R.I.) House '95

Reid, Harry (D-Nev.)

Roberts, Pat (R-Kan.) House '95

Rockefeller, Jay (D-W.Va.)

Sanders, Bernie (I-Vt.) House '95

Schumer, Charles (D-N.Y.) House '95

Shelby, Richard (R-Ala.)

Wicker, Roger (R-Miss.) House '95

Wyden, Ron (D-Ore.) House '95