House Freedom Caucus flexes muscle in Speaker's race

House Freedom Caucus flexes muscle in Speaker's race
© Greg Nash

Rep. Jim JordanJames (Jim) Daniel JordanCentrists on cusp of forcing immigration votes as petition grows Jim Jordan as Speaker is change America needs to move forward Hannity endorses Jim Jordan for Speaker MORE’s (R-Ohio) consideration of a leadership bid is throwing a wrench into the race to the replace Speaker Paul RyanPaul Davis RyanDon't let them fool you — Republicans love regulation, too Senate harassment bill runs into opposition from House The Hill's Morning Report — Sponsored by PhRMA — The art of walking away from the deal MORE (R-Wis.), underscoring how much power the House Freedom Caucus will have in the process.

The band of roughly 30 conservative hard-liners was already poised to be in a strong position to make demands in exchange for their support for the next Speaker if Republicans hang on to the majority after this fall's midterm elections — or if they decide to anoint a new leader before November.

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But if the caucus threatens to throw their weight behind one of their own long-shot candidates, like Jordan, a founding member of the Freedom Caucus, that could give the group an even bigger bargaining chip in the fight.

“Jordan has no shot at getting elected Speaker but he could be a spoiler and he could be a kingmaker,” said one GOP lawmaker close to the current leadership team. The Freedom Caucus “could ask for committee chairmanships. They could ask for more Steering Committee representation. They could ask [House Majority Leader Kevin McCarthyKevin Owen McCarthyElection fears recede for House Republicans The Hill's 12:30 Report — Sponsored by Delta Air Lines — Trump now says Korea summit could still happen June 12 Ivanka to hit the campaign trail with McCarthy in California MORE] to support them for another leadership spot.”

Ryan on Friday officially endorsed McCarthy (R-Calif.) to succeed him as Speaker, giving the No. 2 Republican a major boost and potentially heading off a nasty leadership battle heading into the midterms. 

But McCarthy would still need to lock up 218 votes to win the gavel, and the Freedom Caucus represents a powerful voting bloc in the GOP conference. 

Some members of the group appear to be relishing their potential power, saying a protracted leadership race would allow even more time for potential candidates to court their support.

“I think we’ll play a tremendous role,” said Rep. Justin AmashJustin AmashLawmakers seek to limit US involvement in Yemen's civil war NC Republican pressed on Trump in primary showdown Harassment rules play into race for Speaker MORE (R-Mich.), a member of the Freedom Caucus. “We have over three dozen members, and that’s enough to make a huge impact.” 

“I’m going to go over to the Capitol Hill Club tonight to see if I can get a free dinner,” quipped Rep. Thomas MassieThomas Harold MassieTrump has exposed Democratic hypocrisy on prison reform Hillicon Valley: House Dems release Russia-linked Facebook ads | Bill would block feds from mandating encryption 'back doors' | AT&T hired Cohen for advice on Time Warner merger | FCC hands down record robocall fine | White House launches AI panel Congress can level the playing field for small farmers MORE (R-Ky.), a Jordan ally who is often aligned with the Freedom Caucus.

Speculation over whether Ryan will be pressured to step down from his leadership role has started to mount despite the Wisconsin Republican's assertion he plans to remain Speaker through January.

While the Freedom Caucus hasn't called on Ryan to relinquish the gavel, the timing of the news of Jordan's potential bid comes as a small band of Republicans have begun to call for leadership elections to be held ahead of the midterms. Should Republicans lose the majority, the powerful conservative group's influence over leadership elections would likely wane. 

The Freedom Caucus huddled Friday morning to hash out their strategy in the leadership race and discussed the idea of putting up their own candidate. That could give them more leverage to extract promises from other colleagues vying for the gavel.

Jordan, who has a reputation for being a thorn in leadership’s side, confirmed that he is interested in seeking the position and that conservative lawmakers are pushing him to run, though he emphasized that Ryan still holds the Speaker’s gavel. 

"Colleagues have encouraged me to consider it and I'm open to that,” Jordan, 54, told reporters Friday.

While it’s unlikely the six-term Ohio Republican could garner the 218 votes needed to become Speaker, he could play a pivotal role in determining who ultimately wins the race.

If Jordan opts to throw his hat into the ring, it could potentially draw conservative votes away from the probable front-runners and step up the likelihood that candidates would seek to cut a deal with the group. 

Freedom Caucus members stressed that it's early in the process and they are still figuring out what they want from the next Speaker.

“We want to lay out a set of principles that any Speaker has to follow, then you duck all this personality and horse-race stuff,” said Rep. Dave Brat (R-Va.). “We’re just starting to think it through.”

Freedom Caucus Chairman Mark MeadowsMark Randall MeadowsGOP nearing end game on immigration votes White House lawyer’s presence at FBI meetings sets off alarm bells for Dems Centrists on cusp of forcing immigration votes as petition grows MORE (R-N.C.) said neither McCarthy or House Majority Whip Steve ScaliseStephen (Steve) Joseph ScaliseRepublicans fear retribution for joining immigration revolt Top GOP donor threatens to stop giving to lawmakers over DACA battle Key House chairman floats changes to immigration bill MORE (R-La.), the two early front-runners for the Speaker’s gavel, have approached him yet about cutting a deal.

But the prospect of Freedom Caucus members receiving a role in leadership or better committee placements — including on the powerful Republican Steering Committee, which elects chairmanships — could be a key factor in the powerful conservative group’s ultimate decision on which contender it will support.

"I mean obviously that's a consideration that a number of Freedom Caucus would like to see, but there's not really a race for Speaker right now,” Meadows told reporters Friday. “But even with that, it would be way premature to say we'll give you this or that for votes.”

The dynamic is a repeat of 2015, the last time McCarthy ran for Speaker. Freedom Caucus leaders attempted to cut a deal with him, promising to back him for the top job if he pledged support for one of their own conservative members to become majority leader.

“McCarthy couldn’t deliver that,” said the GOP lawmaker close to leadership. “They were asking for something he couldn’t deliver. But the truth is they’ve got the votes to ask for something significant.” 

Meadows said none of the potential contenders currently have enough support to secure the gavel, noting that the Freedom Caucus has the ability to prevent any hopeful from locking down the votes needed to win.

"I know that there is no one who can get 218 right now,” he said. “Because I know how many votes were just pledged to me a few minutes ago … there's more than 23 people willing to vote as a bloc."

Even before Ryan’s formal retirement announcement on Wednesday, McCarthy had been attempting to make inroads with the Freedom Caucus. Meadows hinted that the Speaker’s race has come up in conversations on the House floor earlier this year. 

Some Republicans have observed that McCarthy has been spending more time with Freedom Caucus members in the back of the House chamber during votes. And one Republican said McCarthy has even been sending birthday cards to some members. 

“He’s been reaching out, trying to keep his promises to a number of members of the House Freedom Caucus. That will serve him well in whatever race, should he throw his hat into the ring,” Meadows said earlier this week. 

This isn’t the first time Jordan has considered launching a long-shot bid for the most powerful position in the House.

Ahead of the 2016 elections, he contemplated challenging Ryan after receiving encouragement from conservative activists frustrated with the Speaker’s rocky relationship with then-GOP presidential nominee Donald TrumpDonald John TrumpTrump and Kim fight PR war as summit talks collapse Trump appears to confirm deal on Chinese firm ZTE Judge rejects Manafort's attempt to throw out some charges MORE. Jordan opted against it after Trump won the election, ultimately throwing his support behind Ryan to remain in his position. 

While the Freedom Caucus has developed a reputation for antagonizing leadership — in part because their attempt to oust former Speaker John BoehnerJohn Andrew BoehnerJim Jordan as Speaker is change America needs to move forward Paul Ryan’s political purgatory Republicans fear retribution for joining immigration revolt MORE (R-Ohio) played a key part in his retirement — Meadows insisted that floating Jordan’s name for Speaker isn’t an attempt to push McCarthy or Scalise out of the race. 

Amash pushed back on the notion that Jordan’s potential Speaker’s bid was simply a strategy designed to gain more leverage in the leadership fight. Jordan is widely popular among conservatives, leading the calls this year to appoint a second special counsel to investigate allegations of bias at the FBI and Justice Department.

“I absolutely support Jim Jordan. This is not about deals. We’ve seen how the current leadership team operates,” Amash said. “You have to totally change the order around here. It means a whole new group of people who are actually running the House that reflects the will of the people.” 

“If you are going to change things, you’re going to have something of a revolution here,” he added. 

Scott Wong contributed.