The legislation would require the federal government to pay down the national debt — which is over $12 trillion — and balance the budget by 2020. This year’s budget deficit is projected to be $1.6 trillion.
“Talking about paying down the debt and balancing the budget is easy,” Blue Dog Co-Chairman Jim MathesonJim MathesonNew president, new Congress, new opportunity First black GOP woman in Congress wins reelection Lobbying world MORE (D-Utah) said in a statement. “It’s where the rubber meets the road that Congress has fallen short.”
The amendment would require Congress to produce a balanced budget every fiscal year, and require the president to submit a balanced budget in an annual address to Congress.
Voter worry and anger about the annual budget deficits, which are projected to top $1 trillion for the next decade, are a large part of the reason Republicans believe they can take back the House after the 2010 midterm elections.
The balanced-budget amendment was introduced by freshman Rep. Bobby Bright (D-Ala.), one of the Democrats’ most vulnerable incumbents.
“There are many steps that must be taken to improve our fiscal health, but balancing the budget on a yearly basis is the only way to ensure that we don’t repeat the mistakes of the past that have created our current situation,” Bright said in a statement.
Deficit worries have helped stymie healthcare and jobs legislation. They led the Senate to agree to a “pay-go” law after years of opposition, and to the House accepting a fiscal reform commission.
For the amendment to be added to the Constitution, both houses of Congress would have to approve it with a two-thirds vote. Then three-fourths of the state legislatures would also have to give their support, a daunting task.
The Blue Dog action comes after former House Speaker Newt Gingrich (R-Ga.) called for a balanced-budget amendment in an address to the Conservative Political Action Conference in February.
The 52-member Blue Dog Coalition is fresh off a victory it had spent it nearly two decades in existence fighting for — a law requiring Congress to offset any new, non-emergency expenditures with either tax increases or other spending cuts.
But many of those same Blue Dogs are once again unhappy over the lack of offsets in the Senate-passed $15 billion jobs bill, and as a result they’re withholding their support. Democratic leaders had deemed the jobs bill “emergency legislation and exempt from “pay-as-you-go,” or “pay-go,” rules.
Adding a balanced-budget amendment to the Constitution could make it tougher to bypass pay-go rules.
A Blue Dog fact sheet on the legislation doesn’t specify if annual budgets would have to reach a zero balance each year.
Obama’s 2009 and 2010 budget proposals — and the 2009 budget that Congress passed — contained short-term deficits while projecting returns to balance and surpluses over the long term.
Similarly, many high-profile bills, including the healthcare reform bill, have cost estimates that stretch out over 10 or 20 years, allowing them to claim the title of “deficit-neutral” even thought their upfront costs are significant.
The Blue Dog proposal would “prohibit outlays for a fiscal year from exceeding total receipts for that fiscal year unless Congress, by a three-fifths roll call vote of each house, authorizes a specific excess of outlays over receipts,” according to a fact sheet on the legislation.
The fact sheet did not specify how these constraints would apply to legislation that has multiyear cost and revenue implications.
Despite the difficulty of ratifying a constitutional amendment and the constraints it would impose on budget writers, a senior Blue Dog aide said the coalition believes the bill has “realistic chances” of picking up momentum.
Spokesmen for House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.) were not available for comment, but in a statement Majority Leader Steny Hoyer (D-Md.) said the idea was “welcome.”
“Blue Dogs have consistently put forward serious ideas to restore our nation's fiscal responsibility,” Hoyer said. “As we remain focused this year on reducing the deficit, all proposals about how to achieve that goal are welcome.”