Celebrities enlist followers in lobbying Congress on 'Don't ask, don't tell' vote

Celebrities have emerged as an unexpected force in the push to repeal the military's longstanding "Don't ask, don't tell" (DADT) policy toward gays serving openly in the miliary, which the Senate will vote on Tuesday attached to the defense reauthorization bill.

No one has drawn more attention to the debate than the edgy entertainer Lady Gaga, born Stefani Germanotta, who has used social media to directly correspond with lawmakers, share videos encouraging repeal, and launch a phone-in campaign from constituents.

Lady Gaga is going to Maine with veterans on Monday as part of a grass-roots push to convince Sens. Susan CollinsSusan Margaret CollinsDemocrats search for 51st net neutrality vote Overnight Tech: States sue FCC over net neutrality repeal | Senate Dems reach 50 votes on measure to override repeal | Dems press Apple on phone slowdowns, kids' health | New Android malware found Overnight Regulation: Dems claim 50 votes in Senate to block net neutrality repeal | Consumer bureau takes first step to revising payday lending rule | Trump wants to loosen rules on bank loans | Pentagon, FDA to speed up military drug approvals MORE (R-Maine) and Olympia Snowe (R-Maine) to help break Sen. John McCainJohn Sidney McCainMcCain rips Trump for attacks on press NSA spying program overcomes key Senate hurdle Meghan McCain says her father regrets opposition to MLK Day MORE's (R-Ariz.) attempts to filibuster the 2011 defense authorization bill. Lady Gaga announced the event over Twitter.

Last week, in a move that would have been unimaginable a few years ago, Senate Majority Leader Harry ReidHarry Mason ReidDems search for winning playbook Dems face hard choice for State of the Union response The Memo: Immigration battle tests activists’ muscle MORE (D-Nev.) responded directly to Lady Gaga over Twitter, informing her (and her 6 million-plus followers) of this Tuesday's planned vote. Reid wrote to the singer's Twitter handle, @ladygaga, "There is a vote on #DADT next week. Anyone qualified to serve this country should be allowed to do so." He also added a link to his campaign's website.  

Gaga also has communicated directly with Sen. Kirsten GillibrandKirsten Elizabeth GillibrandTrump thinks he could easily beat Sanders in 2020 match-up: report Listen: EMILY’s List upbeat about Dem House in '19 Desperate Democrats shouldn't settle for Oprah MORE (D-N.Y.) on Twitter. After seeing a video on YouTube Friday wherein Gaga tried to reach Gillibrand by phone (her voicemail box was full), Gillibrand reached out to Gaga on Twitter, writing, "Thx for calling. I couldn't agree more and am helping lead the fight to repeal DADT. Do you have a moment to talk later today?" It is unclear whether Gaga and Gillibrand have spoken personally about the issue.

Hip-hop mogul Russell Simmons has also waded into the debate during the lead-up to Tuesday's vote. Simmons wrote an op-ed in The Huffington Post urging the Senate to repeal the longstanding policy, calling it a "broken law" and a "destructive form of torture." 

This isn't the first time celebrities have attempted to influence politics, either with vocal activism or with their thick wallets. But the personal back-and-forth communications and the huge numbers speak to Lady Gaga's status as one of the country's most popular entertainers. As of Sunday morning, more than 1.2 million people had viewed a seven-minute video Gaga recorded in which she appeals directly to GOP Sens. John McCain (Ariz.), Mitch McConnellAddison (Mitch) Mitchell McConnellSessions: 'We should be like Canada' in how we take in immigrants NSA spying program overcomes key Senate hurdle Overnight Finance: Lawmakers see shutdown odds rising | Trump calls for looser rules for bank loans | Consumer bureau moves to revise payday lending rule | Trump warns China on trade deficit MORE (Ky.), James InhofeJames (Jim) Mountain InhofeEPA's Pruitt: Bring back 'true environmentalism' Tax cut complete, hawks push for military increase Trump meets with oil-state GOP senators on ethanol mandate MORE (Okla.), and Jeff SessionsJefferson (Jeff) Beauregard SessionsSessions: 'We should be like Canada' in how we take in immigrants DOJ wades into archdiocese fight for ads on DC buses Overnight Cybersecurity: Bipartisan bill aims to deter election interference | Russian hackers target Senate | House Intel panel subpoenas Bannon | DHS giving 'active defense' cyber tools to private sector MORE (Ala.). 

Another 65,000 people have watched a YouTube video in which two young women -- with a Lady Gaga poster in the background -- in Colorado call Sen. Michael BennetMichael Farrand BennetDurbin: Senators to release immigration bill Wednesday Trump's 's---hole' controversy shows no sign of easing Dem senator: 'No question' Trump's 's---hole countries' comment is racist MORE's (D-Colo.) office in Washington and leave a voicemail on "Don't ask, don't tell."

The outcome of Tuesday's vote is still uncertain, and GOP senators have threatened to filibuster the huge defense spending bill if DADT repeal is included in it. 

Aubrey Sarvis, executive director of the Servicemembers Legal Defense Network, a pro-repeal advocacy group, told NPR on Saturday, "The vote will be close, and the reality is that no one knows with any certainty — including Reid and McConnell — how this is going to turn out."

Roxana Tiron contributed to this report

This story was updated at 7:45 p.m.