Lawmakers will return to Washington in January with a full plate of controversial issues that could gum up the early days of the President-elect Donald TrumpDonald TrumpCould Trump and the Democrats make 'ObamaCare Lite' any lighter? Week ahead: House Intel chair under fire over Trump surveillance claims Jeb Bush: Trump a ‘distraction in and of himself’ MORE's term.
GOP lawmakers and the Trump administration are eager to move quickly after winning control of both Congress and the White House for the first time in nearly a decade.
But divisive fights with Democrats, and within the party, could grind Congress to a halt, and quickly test that ambitious GOP agenda.
Here are five fights awaiting lawmakers and Trump next year:
Democrats are digging in for a fight over Trump’s slate of Cabinet nominees, arguing the picks reflect larger concerns they have about the incoming president.
Fifteen Senate Democrats, as well as Independent Sen. Bernie SandersBernie SandersSanders will 'absolutely' work with Trump to lower prescription drug costs Sanders says he will introduce 'Medicare for all' bill Sunday shows preview: Aftermath of failed healthcare bill MORE (Vt.), issued a rare joint statement calling on the confirmation hearings to be put off until lawmakers could thoroughly vet the picks.
Democrats say that would include passing an FBI background check, turning over financial disclosure forms and an ethics agreement, and generally satisfying “reasonable requests for information.”
Republicans, though, are aiming to move the picks quickly after they are nominated.
Democrats face an uphill battle to block any of Trump’s nominees. Republicans will control 52 seats in the Senate, meaning Democrats would need three GOP votes and no defections to defeat any nominations.
But they aren’t backing down from the fight, accusing Trump of compiling a “rigged" Cabinet. Democrats argue picks like Rep. Tom Price (R-Ga.) to lead the Department of Health and Human Services undercuts Trump’s pledge to not cut social welfare programs.
“If Republicans in the Cabinet or in Congress declare a war on seniors and working families, Democrats will not let them win that fight,” said Sen. Charles SchumerCharles SchumerCould Trump and the Democrats make 'ObamaCare Lite' any lighter? Speculation grows over Trump FCC pick A Justice Gorsuch will defend religious Americans from persecution MORE (D-N.Y.), the incoming Senate Minority Leader.
Democrats are also expected to try to change the Senate rules to require Cabinet nominees to release tax returns from three years.
Lawmakers and Trump appear to be on a collision course over Russia.
Senators, wary of Trump’s warmer comments about Russian leader Vladimir Putin, were already planning to take a harder line than his administration, including potentially new sanctions.
But Trump’s decision to pick Rex Tillerson to lead the State Department paired with election hacking allegations are bringing the fight into the forefront.
Democrats, and some hawkish Republicans, worry the pick signals Trump will be soft on Moscow. Tillerson as Exxon CEO had business dealings with Russia and is believed to be friendly with Putin.
Sen. Lindsey GrahamLindsey GrahamGraham: 'I'm glad' Ivanka will be working in the White House Trump tweets promotion for Fox News show GOP senators pitch alternatives after House pulls ObamaCare repeal bill MORE (R-S.C.) warned he will be a "bit of a hard ass" on Russia and is calling for “crippling” sanctions. Sen. Ben CardinBen CardinDemocrats step up calls that Russian hack was act of war Making water infrastructure a priority Senators introduce new Iran sanctions MORE (D-Md.), the top Democrat on the Foreign Relations Committee, is also working on a bipartisan bill to crackdown on Russia.
The committee will also dig into the hacking allegations as part of a larger series of public and closed-door hearings beginning in January on the U.S.’s posture on Russia.
Trump has dismissed the CIA's findings that Russian hackers tried to help him win. Lawmakers widely agree that the matter should be probed but are divided on who should investigate.
The Intelligence Committee, with the support of Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnellMitch McConnellThis week: GOP picks up the pieces after healthcare defeat The Memo: Winners and losers from the battle over healthcare GOP senators pitch alternatives after House pulls ObamaCare repeal bill MORE (R-Ky.), and the Armed Services Committee are also expected to probe the CIA’s findings.
But a bipartisan group of lawmakers — led by Schumer and Sen. John McCainJohn McCainThis week: GOP picks up the pieces after healthcare defeat Democrats step up calls that Russian hack was act of war McCain: Trump admin must fill State Dept. jobs MORE (R-Ariz.) — is likely to keep pushing for a select committee.
Republicans will lay the groundwork in January for repealing the Affordable Care Act, kicking off a new stage in the long fight over President Obama’s signature law.
McConnell told reporters that the ObamaCare repeal effort would be the first item on the Senate’s agenda.
The legislation wouldn’t repeal the Affordable Care Act. Instead, Republicans are expected to pass a shell budget that includes instructions for rolling back large swaths of ObamaCare under reconciliation.
The process allows lawmakers to repeal parts of the law under a simple majority and bypass the Senate’s 60 vote threshold. The House is also expected to vote on the reconciliation instructions on Jan. 9th, according to a timetable released by the Energy and Commerce Committee.
Though GOP lawmakers are eager to repeal the law there’s little consensus on the details of when or how to replace it.
Sen. John CornynJohn CornynThis week: GOP picks up the pieces after healthcare defeat GOP senators pitch alternatives after House pulls ObamaCare repeal bill Rand Paul takes victory lap on GOP health bill MORE (R-Texas) told reporters that the Senate was eyeing a three-year ObamaCare off-ramp, but that wasn’t locked down. That plan would likely run into trouble with the House Freedom Caucus, who have signaled they want a repeal during the 115th Congress.
Republicans will also likely need 60 votes in the Senate to pass a replacement plan, meaning they will need to win over a handful of Democrats.
While Schumer blasted the GOP effort to repeal ObamaCare, telling Republicans to “bring it on," other Democrats have taken a softer stance, while still criticizing the GOP tactics.
“I’m not going to reject working with them, or at least considering what they put forward,” said Sen. Dick DurbinDick DurbinThe Hill’s Whip List: Where Dems stand on Trump’s Supreme Court nominee Gorsuch rewrites playbook for confirmation hearings Gorsuch: I'm 'sorry' for ruling against autistic student MORE (D-Ill.) — who will be Schumer’s No. 2 — while also calling the GOP strategy a mistake.
Lawmakers face a pair of spending deadlines within Trump's first 100 days.
The first is a March 16 deadline to raise the debt ceiling, though the Treasury Department could use "extraordinary measures" to extend the deadline.
It will mark the first time Congress will vote to increase the debt ceiling since a 2015 deal brokered between President Obama and then-House Speaker John BoehnerJohn BoehnerTrump, GOP fumble chance to govern ObamaCare gets new lease on life Ryan picks party over country by pushing healthcare bill MORE (R-Ohio).
The House Freedom Caucus, who normally demand any bump be paired with spending cuts, will have to negotiate for the first time with a GOP president.
They could be emboldened by Trump’s decision to pick Rep. Mick Mulvaney for director of the Office of Management and Budget, a move that quickly earned the president-elect criticism from liberals.
The South Carolina Republican, who helped cofound the Freedom Caucus, has railed against increasing the debt ceiling and previously voted against doing so.
The second deadline will come on April 28, when lawmakers will need to pass a government funding bill or risk a government shutdown.
Lawmakers have given little hint about what a spending deal under the Trump administration could look like, but defense hawks are expected to try to increase defense spending potentially through a stand-alone bill.
That move would run into near certain opposition from Senate Democrats, who will want an equal increase in nondefense spending. Senate Republicans need at least eight Democratic votes to clear an appropriations bill.
Lawmakers also have until April 28 to extend healthcare for thousands of miners and their families.
The fight caught national attention after Democrats — led by Sen. Joe ManchinJoe ManchinPence pushes Manchin in home state to support Gorsuch Under pressure, Dems hold back Gorsuch support The Hill’s Whip List: Where Dems stand on Trump’s Supreme Court nominee MORE (D-W.Va.) — threatened to hold up a government funding bill earlier this month as they pushed for a yearlong extension of benefits.
But Democrats ultimately caved, accepting the four month extension included in the continuing resolution (CR) and pledging to continue the fight in 2017.
Manchin appears to have an ally in McConnell, who told a local reporter this week that lawmakers would return to Washington and work toward a “permanent fix.”
“Their healthcare deserves to be protected,” the Kentucky Republican said. “It's collateral damage from the decline of the coal industry.”
A longer extension was left out of the CR because of opposition in the House. But Manchin is signaling he'll play hardball over a permanent fix next year.
"The House has a lot of things coming over here starting in January that they're going to want,” he said. “They're going to want some things and there's going to have to be cooperation."
Manchin and his West Virginia Sen. Shelley Moore CapitoShelley Moore CapitoPence pushes Manchin in home state to support Gorsuch GOP govs: ObamaCare repeal bill shifts 'significant' costs to states Here's how Congress can get people to live healthy lifestyles MORE (R-W.Va.) are also angling for Trump to throw his support behind a long-term fix, which could help smooth passage in the House.