Majority Leader Harry ReidHarry ReidThe Hill's 12:30 Report Hopes rise for law to expand access to experimental drugs If Gorsuch pick leads to 'crisis,' Dems should look in mirror first MORE (D-Nev.) wants the healthcare debate to formally begin this week, before the chamber recesses for the Thanksgiving break. But the absence of both a final bill and a cost estimate from the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) has made some centrists anxious about offering their support for an otherwise routine test vote that typically unites a majority party.
Another complicating factor is the health of Sen. Robert Byrd (D-W.Va.), who has missed more than 130 roll call votes this year.
Reid needs every member of his party because Republicans have indicated they will vote en masse against the Democratic legislation.
Senior Democrats believe their party members will fall into line when the time comes. But public statements by two centrists in particular — Sens. Blanche Lincoln (D-Ark.) and Ben Nelson (D-Neb.) — have given Reid and other leaders reason for concern.
Sen. Tom HarkinTom HarkinGrassley challenger no stranger to defying odds Clinton ally stands between Sanders and chairmanship dream Do candidates care about our health or just how much it costs? MORE (D-Iowa), the chairman of the Health, Education, Labor and Pensions (HELP) Committee, predicted during an interview on the liberal “Bill Press Radio Show” that the Senate will have the 60 votes needed to call up the healthcare bill this week.
The Iowa senator laid out an ambitious schedule for the final weeks before the end of the year and said Reid is committed to working through every weekend in December if that’s what it takes to pass the bill before lawmakers break for the holiday.
“We’re going to be going long days — I’ve already talked to Leader Reid about this — long nights, weekends — constantly, from then until right before Christmas, when I think we’ll have the votes, hopefully, to pass the bill,” he said.
But Democrats remain divided over key elements yet to be resolved: whether to create a government-run insurance program, how to pay for expanding insurance coverage and how strongly to prohibit federal dollars from paying for abortion services.
First Reid must win over his centrists to begin the debate. Pressure on the party holdouts is expected to intensify from Senate Democratic leaders, the White House and liberal activists, but the centrists have their own political situations to consider.
Lincoln is the most at risk. She is up for reelection next year in a red state amid what is shaping up to be a bad environment for Democrats. Lincoln, who has misgivings about the public option, has also complained about being asked to support the procedural motion without first seeing the final bill.
Nelson has withheld a commitment to vote on the motion to proceed and criticized the bill on a number of issues. He has left the door open to support a Republican filibuster at any stage in the legislative process.
Centrist Democrats have been under fire all year from liberal activist groups and labor unions on a range of issues in healthcare reform, primarily the public option. Left-leaning groups such as Healthcare for America Now, MoveOn.org and Change Congress are continuing or ratcheting up their advertising pressure campaigns on lawmakers such as Lincoln, Nelson, Sen. Joe Lieberman (I-Conn.), Sen. Mary LandrieuMary LandrieuFive unanswered questions after Trump's upset victory Pavlich: O’Keefe a true journalist Trump’s implosion could cost GOP in Louisiana Senate race MORE (D-La.) and Sen. Evan Bayh (D-Ind.).
Landrieu continues to be targeted despite telling the Huffington Post last month, “I’m not right now inclined to support any filibuster. … I’m not going to be joining people that don’t want progress.” But liberals remain dubious, especially after Landrieu told reporters last week that she had not decided what she would do, according to press reports. A Landrieu spokeswoman did not respond to a request for comment.
Bayh received a torrent of liberal criticism for several days last month when he seemed to suggest he would not necessarily vote in favor of the motion to proceed on the healthcare bill. He quickly clarified that on the first vote, at least, he would vote with his party.
Republicans have for the most part been united against the Democratic legislation. Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnellMitch McConnellProtestors crash McConnell's speech The Hill's 12:30 Report Poll: Senate should confirm Gorsuch MORE (R-Ky.) made clear that the GOP will portray even votes on procedural motions as endorsements of the healthcare bill itself. “A vote on cloture on the motion to proceed to this bill will be treated as a vote on the merits of the bill,” McConnell recently said.
The one wildcard is Sen. Olympia Snowe (Maine), who voted to approve the Finance Committee measure. But Snowe has since indicated Reid lost her vote by including a public option in the bill that the full Senate will consider.
Getting past the motion to proceed, of course, will be an easier task than those that lie ahead. Centrists like Lieberman and liberals like Sen. Roland Burris (D-Ill.) have indicated that while they will vote with Reid on the first procedural motion, they could oppose or even filibuster the bill itself.
Michael O’Brien contributed to this article.